Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 283

Full Length Research Paper

Perception of HIV/AIDS and socio-cognitive determinants of safe sex practices among college students attending a historically black college and university in the United States of America

Maurice Y. Mongkuo
  • Maurice Y. Mongkuo
  • Department of Government and History, Fayetteville State University, 1200 Murchison Road, Fayetteville, NC 28301, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Richard J. Mushi
  • Richard J. Mushi
  • Mississippi Valley State University, 14000 Hwy 82, W. # 7227/7273 Itta Bena, MS 38941-1400, Itta Bena.
  • Google Scholar
Rollinda Thomas
  • Rollinda Thomas
  • Fayetteville State University, 1200 Murchison Road, Fayetteville, NC 28301, USA.
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  •  Published: 31 March 2010

Abstract

This study applies the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model to explore the perception of HIV/AIDS among students attending a hstorically black college and university (HBCU) and the socio-cognitive factors that influence safe sex practices among these students. A convenient sample of college students attending a HBCU in the South-eastern United States was surveyed. Exploratory factor analysis generated a seven-dimensional final solution structure from the 41-item survey instrument. Frequency distribution of the students’ HIV prevention information, HIV prevention motivation and AIDS prevention behavioral skills latent constructs was estimated. Multiple regression analysis of predictive influence of the constructs on the college students’ willingness to practice safe sex was performed. The study found that most of the students surveyed are knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS transmission modes, understanding of the risk behavior associated with HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS prevention behavior, willing to associate with HIV infected persons, interested in participating in HIV/AIDS education. This finding is consistent with previous research on college students’ socio-cognitive perception of HIV/AIDS. However, regression analysis showed that academic class, willingness to associate with HIV/AID infected person (stigmatization), interest in HIV/AIDS education, understanding of HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission modes are significant predictors of the HBCU students’ willingness (or intention) to practice safe sex.

 

Key words: HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS prevention, HIV/AIDS education, safe sex behavior, HIV/AIDS perception, factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, historically black colleges and universities (HBCU).