HIV counseling and testing among men in the University of Ghana: Implications for gender-based HIV and AIDS prevention interventions
HIV counseling and testing (CT) is one of the key strategies in the prevention and control of HIV and AIDS in Ghana. Although condoms remain a significant tool in the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, they are often not used consistently or correctly due to some patriarchal beliefs resulting from the typical male roles that call for men and boys to be tough, aggressive, sexually dominant, and risk taking. What...
Loss of follow-up among HIV infected female sex workers receiving antiretrovirals in Dakar, Senegal
A better understanding of the significance and determinants of loss of follow-up and key potential related outcome measures, such as death and missed study visit would assist program evaluation and provide basis for future interventions. Senegal has one of Africa’s lowest HIV/AIDS infection rate, less than 1%. But vulnerable groups such as sex workers have higher HIV prevalence. Currently, HIV infection among...
Polymorphism in the CC-chemokine receptor-5 (CCR5) gene and risk of AIDS among Kashmiri population
Chemokine receptors and their ligands may confer resistance to HIV-1 infection and/or AIDS progression. Our aim was to study our population for the most frequently studied polymorphism CCR5-Δ32 for evaluating their contribution to a protective genetic background against HIV infection and progression. One hundred and fifty blood samples from normal controls were recruited at random among prospective normal blood...