Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 261

Full Length Research Paper

GFSKLYFamide-like neuropeptide is expressed in the female gonad of the sea cucumber, Holothuria scabra

Ajayi Abayomi
  • Ajayi Abayomi
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba, PMB 1008, Anyigba, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Amedu Nathaniel O.
  • Amedu Nathaniel O.
  • Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 14 October 2017
  •  Accepted: 11 January 2018
  •  Published: 29 February 2020


Abdul-reza D, Musa K, Dariush M, Majid A, Seyyed AN (2012). Holothuria scabra (Holothuroidea: Aspidochirotida): first record of a highly valued sea cucumber, in the Persian Gulf, Iran. Available 

View [accessed Nov 28 2017].


Ajayi A, Withyachumnarnkul B (2013). Presence and distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (Jaeger, 1833). Zoomorphology 132(3):285-300.


Ajayi A, Withyachumnarnkul B (2015). Expression of GFSKLYFamide-like neuropeptide in the digestive system of the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (Echinodermata). African Journal of Biotechnology 14(25):2124-2129.


Baskar BK (1994). Systematics, biology, ecology and zoogeography of holothurians: Some observations on the biology of the holothurian Holothuria (metriatyla) scabra (Jaeger). CMFRI Bulletin 46:39-43.


Conand C (1993). Reproductive biology of the holothurians from the major communities of the New Caledonian Lagoon. Marine Biology 116(3):439-450.


Conand C (1998). Overexploitaion of the present world sea cucumber fisheries and perspective in mariculture. In "9th international Echinoderm conference, San Francisco" (R.Mooi and M. Telford, eds.). pp. 449-454.


Díaz-Miranda L, Blanco RE, García-Arrarás JE (1995). Localization of the heptapeptide GFSKLYFamide in the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima (Echinodermata): a light and electron microscopic study. Journal of Comparative Neurology 352(4):626-640.


Díaz-Miranda L, Price DA, Greenberg MJ, Lee TD, Doble KE, García-Arrarás JE (1992). Characterization of two neuropeptides from the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima. The Biological Bulletin 182(2):241-247.


Elphick MR, Melarange R (2001). Neural control of muscle relaxation in echinoderms. Journal of Experimental Biology 204(5):875-885.


Elphick M (2014). SALMFamide salmagundi: The biology of a neuropeptide family in echinoderms. General and Comparative Endocrinology 205:23-35.


Hamel JF, Conand C, Pawson DL, Mercier A (2001). The sea cucumber Holothuria Scabra (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata): Its biology and exploitation as beche-de-mer. Advances in Marine Biology 41:129-223.


Hamel JF, Mercier A, Conand C, Purcell S, Toral-Granda TG, Gamboa R (2010). Holothuria scabra. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 June 2017.


James PR, James DB (1994). Management of Ber-der-mer industry in India. In "proceedings of the natural workshop on Beche-der-mer" (K. Rengarajan and D.B James, eds.) pp. 17-22.


Melarange R, Potton DJ, Thorndyke MC, Elphick MR (1999). SALMFamide neuropeptides cause relaxation and eversion of the cardiac stomach in starfish. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 266(1430):1785-1789.


Purcell SW, Samyn Y, Conand C (2012). Commercially important sea cucumbers of the world. FAO species catalogue for fishery purpose, Rome. pp. 80-82. Available at: 



Semmens DC, Elphick MR (2017). The evolution of neuropeptide signalling: insights from echinoderms. Oxford University Press, pp. 1-11.


Yoichi M, Michiyasu Y (2014). The Reproductive Cycle of the Sea Cucumber Holothuria scabra around Shioya Fishing Port, Okinawa Prefecture. Aquaculture Science 62(3):235-242.