This manuscript shows a characterisation of critical agricultural household features that are fundamental for performance of agricultural activities in Uganda. Data from the 2018 Annual Agricultural Survey show that these households are exposed to a series of circumstances that make agriculture a challenging enterprise to undertake, but at the same time essential for subsistence. These challenges are mainly associated with large segments of agricultural population dedicated to farming in reduced land-cropping areas, generalized practice of subsistence farming, limited land tenure rights, critical low levels of education affecting agricultural productivity, limited use of improved agricultural inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, and seeds), and marginal use of irrigation practices. These challenges are of intra and extra-farm nature, and as such a holistic vision to address them is needed.
Key words: Agricultural households, land, education, agricultural inputs. Uganda.
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