Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 527

Full Length Research Paper

Grain quality and determinants of farmers’ preference for rice varietal traits in three districts of Ghana: Implications for research and policy

Maxwell Darko Asante
  • Maxwell Darko Asante
  • West African Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Agriculture and Consumer Sciences, University of Ghana, P. M. B. LG 30, Legon, Ghana
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Bright Owusu Asante
  • Bright Owusu Asante
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana
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George Kwasi Acheampong
  • George Kwasi Acheampong
  • Deparment of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Faculty of the Professions, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, 2350, Australia
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Alexander Nimo Wiredu
  • Alexander Nimo Wiredu
  • CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana
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Samuel Kwame Offei
  • Samuel Kwame Offei
  • West African Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Agriculture and Consumer Sciences, University of Ghana, P. M. B. LG 30, Legon, Ghana
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Vernon Gracen
  • Vernon Gracen
  • West African Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Agriculture and Consumer Sciences, University of Ghana, P. M. B. LG 30, Legon, Ghana
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Hans Adu-Dapaah
  • Hans Adu-Dapaah
  • CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Kumasi, Ghana
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Eric Yirenkyi Danquah
  • Eric Yirenkyi Danquah
  • West African Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Agriculture and Consumer Sciences, University of Ghana, P. M. B. LG 30, Legon, Ghana
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  •  Accepted: 21 June 2013
  •  Published: 31 July 2013

Abstract

 

Rice has become a popular staple in Africa because it is a convenience food for the rapidly increasing urban population. In Ghana about 70% of the rice consumed is imported. Domestic rice is not competitive because of its perceived poor grain quality. This study assessed the influence of grain quality and other factors on farmers’ preference for improved rice varieties. It also investigated how specific grain quality attributes influence farmers’ preference for improved rice varieties. The probit regression model was used to assess the influence of grain quality attributes and other factors on farmers’ preference for improved rice varieties. The results showed that, age, sex, tolerance to pest and diseases, farm size, and good grain quality had a positive influence on farmers’ preference. Experience in rice cultivation however negatively influenced farmers’ preference for rice varieties. Furthermore, specific grain quality attributes such as, grain length and shape, fragrance, cooking quality, grain color, and absence of foreign matter also positively influenced farmers’ preference for rice varietal traits while chalkiness had a negative influence. Improving grain quality will increase consumer demand for locally produced rice and farmer preferences for improved rice varieties. This has the potential of increasing local rice production and ensuring self-sufficiency in rice production. By implication, there is the need to invest into the development and deployment of rice varieties that have grains that meet the expectations of farmers to propel wide spread adoption and utilization of domestic rice.

 

Key words: Ghana, grain quality, preference, rice varietal traits.