Journal of
Development and Agricultural Economics

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Agric. Econ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9774
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDAE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 531

Review

The dilemma of biodiversity and specialization in agricultural development

Price Edwin
  • Price Edwin
  • 578 John Kimbrough Blvd, AGSV Building, Room 240, College Station, TX, USA, 77843
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Kibriya Shahriar
  • Kibriya Shahriar
  • 578 John Kimbrough Blvd, AGSV Building, Room 240, College Station, TX, USA, 77843
  • Google Scholar
Zhang Yu
  • Zhang Yu
  • 578 John Kimbrough Blvd, AGSV Building, Room 240, College Station, TX, USA, 77843
  • Google Scholar


  •  Accepted: 12 March 2013
  •  Published: 31 May 2013

Abstract

 

The impact and usefulness of specialization and diversification strategies of agricultural research in developing countries is reviewed. The specialization strategy is based on principles of optimization on resources allocation in the spatial context, and it typically prevails over diversification strategy that considers inter-temporal resources allocation. However, diversification strategies offer biodiversity, self-sufficiency, technical competency and risk neutralization. The benefits of the diversification strategy support farmers' independence and production increase, as well as long run conservation of biological resources. Research and development of new technologies for diversification can play an important role in the agricultural development of fragile developing nations.

 

Key words: Specialization, diversification, biodiversity, risk-taking.