Journal of
Diabetes and Endocrinology

  • Abbreviation: J. Diabetes Endocrinol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2685
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDE
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 58

Full Length Research Paper

High prevalence of central obesity in rural South-Western Nigeria: Need for targeted prevention

Taiwo Hussean Raimi*
  • Taiwo Hussean Raimi*
  • Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University/Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Olatunde Odusan
  • Olatunde Odusan
  • Department of Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Olufemi Fasanmade
  • Olufemi Fasanmade
  • Department of Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 17 February 2015
  •  Accepted: 16 March 2015
  •  Published: 31 March 2015

References

Adediran OS, Okpara IC, Adeniyi OS, Jimoh AK (2012). Obesity prevalence and its associated factors in an urban and rural area of Abuja, Nigeria. Glo Adv. Res. J. Med. Med. Sci. 1(8):237-241.
 
Adienbo OM, Hart VO, Oyeyemi WA (2012). High prevalence of obesity among indigenous residents of a Nigerian ethnic group: The Kalabaris in the Niger Delta region of south-south Nigeria. Greener J. Med. Sci. 2:152-156.
 
Ahaneku GI, Osuji CU, Anisiuba BC, Ikeh VO, Oguejiofor OC, Ahaneku JE (2011). Evaluation of blood pressure and indices of obesity in a typical rural community in eastern Nigeria. Ann. Afr. Med. 10:120-126.
Crossref
 
Bamia C, Trichopoulou A, Lenas D, Trichopoulou D (2004). Tobacco smoking in relation to body fat mass and distribution in a general population sample. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 28(8):1091-1096.
Crossref
 
Barrett-Connor E, Khaw KT (1989). Cigarette smoking and increased central adiposity. Ann. Intern. Med. 5;111(10):783-787.
 
Browning LM, Hsieh SD, Ashwell M (2010). A systematic review of waist-to-height ratio as a screening tool for the prediction of cardiovascular disease and diabetes: 0.5 could be a suitable global boundary value. Nutr. Res. Rev. 23(2):247-269.
Crossref
 
Canoy D, Wareham N, Luben R, Welch A, Bingham S, Day N, Khaw KT (2005). Cigarette smoking and fat distribution in 21,828 British men and women: a population-based study. Obes. Res. 13(8):1466-1475.
Crossref
 
Chukwuonye II, Chuku A, Onyeonoro UU, Okpechi IG, Madukwe TI, Ogah OS (2013). Prevalence of abdominal obesity in Abia State, Nigeria: results of a population-based house-to-house survey. Diabetes Metab. Syndr. Obes. 6:285-291
Crossref
 
Dennis EA, Flack KD, Davy BM (2009). Beverage consumption and adult weight management: A review. Eating Behav. 10(4):237–246.
Crossref
 
Desalu OO, Salami AK, Oluboyo PO, Olarinoye JK (2008). Prevalence and socio-demographic determinants of obesity among adults in an urban Nigerain population. Sahel Med. J. 11:61-64.
 
Goh LGH, Dhaliwal SS, Welborn TA, Lee AH, Della PR (2014). Anthropometric measurements of general and central obesity and the prediction of cardiovascular disease risk in women: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 4(2):e004138.
Crossref
 
Hughes VA, Frontera WR, Roubenoff R, Evan WJ, Singh MA (2002). Longitudinal changes in body composition in older men and women: role of body weight change and physical activity. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 76(2):473-481
Pubmed
 
Iloh G, Amadi AN, Nwankwo BO, Ugwu VC (2011). Obesity in adult Nigerians: A study of its pattern and common primary co-morbidities in a rural Mission General Hospital in Imo state, south-eastern Nigeria. Niger. J. Clin. Pract. 14:212-218.
Crossref
 
International Diabetes Federation (2005). The IDF consensus worldwide definition of the metabolic syndrome. Available at: http://www.idf.org/webdata/docs/MetS_def_update2006.pdf
 
Jensen EX, Fusch C, Jaeger P, Peheim E, Horber FF (1995). Impact of chronic cigarette smoking on body composition and fuel metabolism. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 80(7):2181-2185.
Crossref
 
Knopp RH, Paramsothy P, Retzlaff BM, Fish B, Walden C, Dowdy A, Tsunehara C, Aikawa K, Cheung MC (2005) . Gender differences in lipoprotein metabolism and dietary response: basis in hormonal differences and implications for cardiovascular disease. Curr. Atheroscler. Rep. 7(6):472-479.
Crossref
 
Lloyd-Richardson EE, Lucero ML, DiBello JR, Jacobson AE, Wing RR (2008). The relationship between alcohol use, eating habits and weight change in college freshmen. Eating Behav. 9(4):504-508.
Crossref
 
McGarvey ST (1991). Obesity in Samoans and a perspective on its etiology in Polynesians. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 53(6 Suppl):1586S-1594S.
Pubmed
 
Nguyen T, Lau DC (2012). The obesity epidemic and its impact on hypertension. Can. J. Cardiol. 28:326-333
Crossref
 
Oladapo OO, Falase AO, Salako L, Sodiq O, Soyinka K, Adedapo K (2010). Prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factore among a rural Yoruba south-western Nigerian population: a population- based survey. Cardiovasc. J. Afr. 21:26-31.
Pubmed
 
Prentice AM, Jebb SA (2001). Beyond body mass index. Obes. Rev. 2(3):141-147.
Crossref
 
Saarni SE, Pietilainen K, Kantonen S, Rissanen A, Kaprio J (2009). Association of Smoking in Adolescence With Abdominal Obesity in Adulthood: A Follow-Up Study of 5 Birth Cohorts of Finnish Twins. Am. J. Public Health 99(2):348–354.
Crossref
 
Schroder H, Morales-Molina JA, Bermejo S, Barral D, Mándoli ES, Grau M, Guxens M, de Jaime Gil E, Alvarez MD, Marrugat J (2007) Relationship of abdominal obesity with alcohol consumption at population scale. Eur. J. Nutr. 46(7):369-376.
Crossref
 
Sorkin JD, Muller DC, Andres R (1999). Longitudinal change in height of men and women: implications for interpretation of the body mass index. The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Am. J. Epidemiol. 150:969−977.
Crossref
 
Snodgrass JJ, Leonard WR, Sorensen MV, Tarskaia LA, Alekseev VP, Krivoshapkin V (2006). The emergence of obesity among indigenous Siberians. J. Physiol. Anthropol. 25(1):75-84.
Crossref
 
Ulasi II, Ijoma CK, Onodugo OD (2010). A community-based study of hypetension and cardiometabolic syndrome in semi-urban and rural communities Nigeria. BMC Health Serv. Res. 10:71.
Crossref
 
Visscher TL, Seidell JC, Molarius A, Van der Kuip D, Hofman A, Witteman JC (2001). A comparison of body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist circumference as predictors of all-cause mortality among the elderly: the Rotterdam study. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 25(11):1730-1735.
Crossref
 
Visser M, Launer LJ, Deurenberg P, Deeg DJ (1999). Past and current smoking in relation to body fat distribution in older men and women. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 54(6):M293-M298.
Crossref
 
Williamson D, Madans J, Anda R, Kleinman J, Giovino G, Byers T (1991). Smoking cessation and severity of weight gain in a national cohort. N. Engl. J. Med. 324:739-745.
Crossref
 
World Health Organization (1995). Technical Report Series-854. Physical Status: The use and interpretation of Anthropometry. WHO Geneva.
 
WHO Non-communicable disease country profiles (WHO, 2008). WHO African Region: Nigeria. Available at: www.who.int/countries/nga/en/
 
World Health Organization Fact Sheet (WHO, 2014). Obesity and overweight Fact sheet N°311. Available at: www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/
 
Wager-Srdar SA, Levine AS, Morley JE, Hoidal JR, Niewoehner DE (1984). Effects of cigarette smoke and nicotine on feeding and energy. Physiol. Behav. 32(3):389-395.
Crossref
 
Yeomans MR (2010). Alcohol, appetite and energy balance: Is alcohol intake a risk factor for obesity? Physiol. Behav. 100(1):82-89.
Crossref