Journal of
Entomology and Nematology

  • Abbreviation: J. Entomol. Nematol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9855
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEN
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 126

Full Length Research Paper

Infestation rate of Mangifera indica fruit fly in Sudanese zone of Mali

Rahinatou, Rosalie. Assogba
  • Rahinatou, Rosalie. Assogba
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies (FST), University of Technical Sciences and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali.
  • Google Scholar
Bassirou Dembélé
  • Bassirou Dembélé
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies (FST), University of Technical Sciences and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali.
  • Google Scholar
Youssouf Faya Keita
  • Youssouf Faya Keita
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies (FST), University of Technical Sciences and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali.
  • Google Scholar
Bernard Sodio
  • Bernard Sodio
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technologies (FST), University of Technical Sciences and Technologies of Bamako (USTTB), Bamako, Mali.
  • Google Scholar
Amadou Coulibaly
  • Amadou Coulibaly
  • Rural Polytechnic Institute for Training and Applied Research (IPR / IFRA), Mali.
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  •  Received: 01 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 18 November 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

Mali has a potential for mango production across the country. However, this plant is facing phytosanitary problems mainly related to fruit flies. The study was conducted to evaluate the infestation rate of fruit flies on mango varieties in Sudanese zone of Mali (Kati). Stung mangoes were weekly collected from three sites. Fruits were weighted and placed inside plastic bags containing sand to the monitor larva infestation under semi-natural conditions within of the laboratory. Bactrocera dorsalis and Ceratitis cosyra were the two species identified from all sites with an average of 22.88 and 23.32 fruit flies, respectively. C. cosyra appreciated mango varieties such as Valencia, Amelie, Kent, Davis Haden and Keitt whilst B. dorsalis preferred Keitt, Brooks, Kent and Smith varieties. No correlation was found between mangoes weight and the number of emerged flies in addition to lack of sex predominance based on fruit’ fly species. The infestation rate varies according to the variety of mangoes.

 

Keywords: Mango, fruit fly, infestation, Sudanese zone, Mali.