Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 382

Full Length Research Paper

Analysis of growth rings to determine age and mean radial growth of selected Baikiaea-Guibourtia-Pterocarpus species from regrowth stands after pole/ firewood harvesting and abandoned crop fields, north-western Zimbabwe

A. Chichinye
  • A. Chichinye
  • Department of Forest Resources and Wildlife Management, National University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box AC 939,Ascot, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
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C. J. Geldenhuys
  • C. J. Geldenhuys
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Pretoria, Lynwood Road, Pretoria 0002, South Africa.
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P. W. Chirwa
  • P. W. Chirwa
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Pretoria, Lynwood Road, Pretoria 0002, South Africa.
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  •  Received: 27 May 2020
  •  Accepted: 17 August 2020
  •  Published: 31 August 2020

Abstract

Anthropogenic disturbances  (cultivation, harvesting of poles and firewood and protection) play a pivotal role in the recovery and growth of Baikiaea-Guibourtia-Pterocarpus woodland species. The aim of this study is to determine the reliability of tree growth rings in age determination and average radial growth of re-growing woodland stands. The relationship between stem diameter, number of growth rings, and age of selected stands was also investigated. The research assisted in understanding the growth patterns of the key commercial timber species (Baikiaea plurijuga, Guibourtia coleosperma and Pterocarpus angolensis) of the seasonally dry Baikiaea-Guibourtia-Pterocarpus woodlands around Gwaai and Tsholotsho in north-western Zimbabwe. Tree rings were physically counted on basal stem cross-sections collected from 20 trees of different age, for each species in each disturbance regime. STATISTICA statistical package version 7.0 (StaSoft inc, 1984 - 2006) was used for data analysis. The Simple Regression Model was used to test for relationships. The relationship between age and growth rings, showed a strong correlation (p<0.0001). Diameter and number of growth rings had a poor correlation. This showed that growth rings and not diameter can be used to determine the age of the three key timber species. Mean annual ring width was significantly different between species within the same disturbance category (p<0.005) within a specific stand age. Mean radial growth was highest in abandoned crop fields, compared to pole and firewood collection sites. It was therefore concluded that forest managers need to adopt disturbance regimes that prompt optimal mean radial growth of at least key species in the woodlands.
 
Key words: Disturbance, mean radial growth, tree rings, Baikiaea plurijuga, Guibourtia coleosperma; Pterocarpus angolensis.