This study was conducted to characterize the different plant formations (shrubby, arborescent and woody savanna) and to ascertain the impact of wood logging on the floral diversity in the guinea savanna zone of Ngaoundéré District, Adamawa Region, Cameroon. The “Point-Centered Quarter (PCQ) Method” was used on 120 sites measuring 50 × 50 m. Results showed that according to the types of wood logging in the different plant formations, the species generally had an over-scattered distribution, and only the protected savannas had a gregarious distribution. The increased wood logging affects savannas’ stability and the disappearance of the floral biodiversity which are consequently responsible for the accelerated degradation. This is an alarming situation which enhances the progress of desert and the loss of biodiversity in the guinea savanna of the Adamawa Region, Cameroon. It is advocated that a concerted effort between the government and the local population should be established to protect and save the biodiversity in the guinea savanna of the Adamawa Region, Cameroon.
Key words: Cameroon, impact, wood logging, distribution, biodiversity.
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