Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 394

Full Length Research Paper

Ecological effects of oil spill on pelagic and bottom dwelling organisms in the riverine areas of Odidi and Egwa in Warri, Delta State

Doris Fovwe Ogeleka
  • Doris Fovwe Ogeleka
  • Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Delta State.
  • Google Scholar
Oghenekohwiroro Edjere
  • Oghenekohwiroro Edjere
  • Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Angela Nwudu
  • Angela Nwudu
  • Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Delta State.
  • Google Scholar
Felix Ebodaghe Okieimen
  • Felix Ebodaghe Okieimen
  • University of Benin, Geo-Environmental and Climate Change Adaptation Research Centre, Benin City, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 15 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 02 September 2016
  •  Published: 31 December 2016


Adam WJ, Kimerle RR, Bazaett JW (1992). Sediment quality and aquatic life assesment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26(10):1864-1875.


Albers P (2003). Petroleum and Indivdual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Chapter 14. In BR. edited by Hoffman DJ. Handbook Ecotoxicol. pp. 341-371.


Almeda R, Wambaugh Z, Wang Z, Hyatt C, Liu Z, Buskey EJ (2013). Interactions between zooplankton and crude oil: Toxic effects and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Plos ONE 8(6):e67212.


America Public Health Association (APHA) (2005). Standard methods for examination of water and waste water (20th ed.). Washington DC: American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation.


Atlas RM (1995). Petroleum biodegradation and oil spill bioremediation. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 31:175-182.


Atlas RM, Bartha R (1992). Hydrocarbon biodegradation and oil spill bioremediation. In K.C. Marshall (ed). Adv. Microb. Ecol. 12:287-338.


Barry C (2007). Slick Death: Oil-spill treatment kills coral. Science News. 172:67.


Beeby A (2001). What do sentinels stand for? Environ. Pollut. 112:285-298.


Beek B (1991). Bioaccumulation in aquatic systems. In Bioaccumulation in aquatic systems: Contributions to the assessment. Nagel R, Loskin R. (Ed.), VHC. Germany.


Blackburn MC, Mazzacano AS, Fallon C (2014). Oil in our oceans: A review of impact of oil spills on marine invetebrates. Portland. P. 152.


Chase DA, Edwards DS, Qin G, Wages MR, Willming MM, Anderson TA, Maul JD (2013). Bioaccumulation of petroleum hydrocarbons in fiddler crabs (Uca minax) exposed to weathered MC-252 crude oil alone and in mixture with an oil dispersant. Sci. Total Environ. 444:121-127.


Culbertson JB, Valiela I, Olsen YS, Reddy CM (2008). Effects of field exposure to 38 year old residual petroleum hydrocarbons on growth, condition index, and filtration rate of ribbed mussel, Geukensia demmissa. Environ. pollut. 154:312-319.


Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) (2011). Environmental Guidelines and standards for the petroleum indsutry in Nigeria (EGASPIN). Revised edition. Universal Press, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 276-297.


Dimitrov SD, Dimitrova NC, Walker JD, Veith GD, Mekenyan OG (2002). Predicting bioconcentration factors of highly hydrophobic chemicals. Effects of molecular size. Pure Appl. Chem. 74:1823-1830.


Dublin-Green CO, Awo Bamise A, Ajao EA (1997). Large marine Ecosystem Project for the Gulf of Guinea (coastal profile of Nigeria). Lagos: Nigeria Institute of Oceanography.


Eisler R (1975). Toxic, sublethal, and latent effects of petroleum on Red Sea macro fauna. International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings. pp. 535-540.


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2000). Bioaccumulation


Ghiasi F, Mirzargar SS, Bdakhshan H, Shamsi S (2010). Effects of low concentrations of cadmium on the level of lysozyme in serum, leukocyte count and phagocytic index in Cyprinus carpio under the wintering conditions. J. Fish. Aqua. Sci. 5:113-119.


Guerrin F, Burgat-Sacaze V, Saqui-Same P (1990). Levels of heavy metals and organochlorine pesticides of cyprinid fish reared four years in wastewater treatment pond. Bullet. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 44:461-467.


Gundacker C (1999). Comparison of heavy metal bioaccumulation in freshwater molluscs of urban river habitats in Vienna. Environ. Pollut. 110(2):61-71.


Hall JA, Golding LA (1998). Chronic toxicity test protocol. standard methods for whole effluent toxicity testing: development and application. Report no. MFE80205. NIWA report for the Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.


Hamed MA (1998). Distribution of trace metals in the River Nile ecosystem, Damietta branch between Mansoura city and Damietta Province. J. Egypt. Germ. Soc. Zool. 27(A):399-415.


Heng LY, Mokhtar MB, Rusin S (2004). The bioaccumulation of trace essential metals by the freshwater snail Turritella sp. found in the rivers of Borneo East Malaysia. J. Biol. Sci. 4(4):441-444.


Jack IR, Fekarurhorho JK, Igwe FU, Okorosaye OK (2005). Determination of total hydrocarbon levels in some marine organisms from some towns within river state in Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 9(3):59-61.


Lee RF, Koster M, Paffnhofer GA (2012). Ingestion and defecation of dispersed oil droplets by pelagic tunicates. J. Plankton Res. 34(12):1058-1063.


Lyons BP, Pascoe CK, McFadzen IRB (2002). Phototoxicity of pyrene and benzo(a)pyrene to embryo-larval stages of the pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. Mar. Environ. Res. 54:627-631.


Murugan SS, Karuppasamy R, Poongodi K, Puvaneswari S (2008). Bioaccumulation pattern of zinc in fresh water fish Channapunctatus (Bloch) after chronic exposure. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 8:55-59.


Neff JM (2002). Bioaccumulation in marine organisms: Effect of contaminants from oil well produced water. Amsterdam: Elsevier, Ltd.


Nussey G, Vuren J, Preez H (2006). Bioaccumulation of chromium, manganese, nickel and lead in the tissues of moggel, Labeo umbratus (Cyprinidae), from Withbank Dam, Mpumalanga. Water South Africa 26(2):269-284.


Nwilo PC, Badejo TO (2005). Oil spill problems and management in Niger Delta. International oil spill conference. Miami, Florida, USA.


Nwilo CP, Badejo TO (2004). Management of oil dispersal along the Nigerian coastal areas. Department of Survey and Geoinformatics, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.


O'Clair CE, Rice SD (1985). Depression of feeding and growth rates of the seastar Evasterias troschelii during long-term exposure to the water-soluble fraction of crude oil. Mar. Biol. 84(3):331-340.


Rompala JM, Rutosky FW, Putnam DJ (1984). Concentrations of environmental contaminants from selected waters in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania, USA. United States Fishery and Wildlife Service Report. Volume 2:18.


Saeed SM, Sakr SF (2008). Impact of cage-fish culture in the river Nile on physicochemical characteristics of water, metals accumulation, histological and some biochemical parameters in fish. Abbassa Int. J. Aquat. 1(A):179-202.


Saleh HH (1982). Fish liver as an indicator for aquatic environmental pollution. Bull. Inst.Oceanogr. Fish. 8(1):69-79.


Twumasi Y, Merem E (2006). GIS and remote sensing applications in the assessment of change within a coastal environment in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 3(1):96-106.


United States Enivronmental Protection agency (USEPA). (2000). Interpretation for the purpose of sediment quality assessment status and need. Bioaccumulation testing and Bioaccumulation Analysis Workshop. Washington DC. P 33.


Uyigue E, Agho M (2007). Coping with climate change and environmental degradation in the Niger Delta of Southern Nigeria. Community Research and Development Centre Nigeria (CREDC). pp. 24-27.


Wanat Y, Jin XH, Jin F (2007). Trophic dilution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in marine food web from Bohai Bay, North China. Environ. Sci. Technol. 41:3109-3114.


Weiner A, Berg C, Gerlach T, Grunblatt J, Holbrook K, Kuwanda M (1997). The Exxon Valdez oil spill; Habitat protection as a restoration strategy. Restor. Ecol. 5(1):44-55.