Journal of
Geology and Mining Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Geol. Min. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9766
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 172

Full Length Research Paper

Hydrogeophysical investigation in selected parts of Irepodun/Ifelodun local government area of Ekiti State, Southwestern Nigeria

Michael Ilesanmi Oladapo
  • Michael Ilesanmi Oladapo
  • Department of Applied Geophysics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
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Olayiwola Grace Ayeni
  • Olayiwola Grace Ayeni
  • Department of Geophysics, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria.
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  •  Accepted: 16 July 2013
  •  Published: 31 July 2013

Abstract

 

Hydrogeophysical studies have been undertaken at Irepodun/Ifelodun local government area of Ekiti State, Nigeria. The area is underlain by the Basement Complex rocks. The study involved very low frequency electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and electrical resistivity methods. The results are presented as profiles, sections, curves, charts and maps. VLF-EM anomalies were evaluated using geoelectric soundings. Geoelectric sounding results enabled the determination of overburden thickness, transverse unit resistance, longitudinal unit conductance and coefficient of anisotropy (l). Overburden thickness zones of 45 to 55 m were classified as high, 15 to 45 m as moderate and values less than 15 m as low. Afao, Obo, Iyin, Araromi, Iketun and Igede are of moderate to high groundwater potential, while other towns are of low groundwater potential. Longitudinal unit conductance showed that the area is characterized by sequence of good, moderate and weak groundwater protective capacities. Computed λ values revealed that the northern flank (Esure and Iropora) are underlain by charnockite of low λ (1.0 - 1.1) with other areas of high λ (1.1 - 2.1) underlain by granite and migmatite gneiss. Groundwater development is feasible in Araromi, Afao, Iyin, Obo, Iketun and Igede but marginally feasible in the other towns. Thus, groundwater potential of Irepodun/Ifelodun local government area is generally low.

 

Key words: Electromagnetic, geoelectric sounding, longitudinal unit conductance, coefficient of anisotropy, groundwater potential.