Journal of
Geology and Mining Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Geol. Min. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9766
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 172

Full Length Research Paper

X-ray fluorescence: An accessible and effective technique for evaluation of hazards and economic potential associated with important mineral deposits in Nigeria

Yusuf A. Z
  • Yusuf A. Z
  • Nigerian National Petroleum Cooperation (NNPC), Nigeria.
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Halima S. A.
  • Halima S. A.
  • Chemical Engineering Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Zakir A
  • Zakir A
  • Human Physiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Abdullahi M
  • Abdullahi M
  • Pharmacy Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Sani K.
  • Sani K.
  • Center for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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  •  Accepted: 09 January 2014
  •  Published: 31 January 2014

Abstract

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) was evaluated as a technique that can facilitate identification of potential environmental hazards associated with mining and ore processing as well as provide quantitative evaluation of the economic potential intrinsic to a mineral deposit. Four different geological samples were analyzed using energy dispersive XRF to demonstrate the utility of the technique. The samples were obtained from Dutsen Wai, Birnin Gwari, Dan Sadau, and Talata Mafara, Nigeria. Wolframite, molybdenum, lead and copper ore were analyzed respectively. Wolframite ore contained 61.93% WO3, molybdenum ore contained 16.0% MoO3, lead ore contained 83.1% PbO, and copper ore contained 23.26% CuO.

Key words: Geochemistry, hazards, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Nigeria, mining, lead.