Journal of
Geology and Mining Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Geol. Min. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9766
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 169

Full Length Research Paper

Lithological features and chemical characterization of metamorphosed carbonate rocks in Igue, Southwestern Nigeria

Oluwatoyin O. Akinola
  • Oluwatoyin O. Akinola
  • Department of Geology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
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Olusola A. OlaOlorun
  • Olusola A. OlaOlorun
  • Department of Geology, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 25 July 2020
  •  Published: 28 February 2021

Abstract

This paper investigates and reports the lithological and compositional features of Igue marble deposit in southwestern Nigeria. The deposit occurs as low-lying heterogeneous units under a humus-laden dark brown tropical soil within Igarra Schist Belt on south eastern flank of basement complex of southwestern Nigeria. The marble deposit occurs as lenses sandwiched between quartz-biotite schist, calc-silicate gneiss and polygenetic metaconglomerate intercalated with mica schist and quartzite all resting on ancient migmatite gneiss. The three colour variants of the marble which are white, grey, and foliated have average SiO2 contents of 2.92, 1.72 and 4.04% respectively. In the same order, average CaO contents are 60.76, 59.35 and 51.7%; MgO contents are 1.62, 1.42 and 2.57% indicating the marble is calcitic in nature. The oxides P2O5, TiO2 and MnO altogether constitute 0.09, 0.11 and 0.41% of the bulk chemistry of the white, grey, and foliated marble, respectively. Average loss on ignition (LOI) in white marble (33.46%), grey marble (36.12%) and foliated marble (33.49%) are relatively high suggesting high volatile contents. Chemical features of the marble deposit are comparable to similar rock types in Obajana and Ososo areas in Southwestern Nigeria. The marble differs significantly from Igbeti marble deposit which is dolomitic in nature. Marble deposits from different parts of Nigeria basement exhibits variable geochemical features that are influenced by their protoliths, mode of formation and associated lithologies and forms the basis for various economic uses.

Key words: Igue marble, lithological and compositional features, Igarra Schist Belt, Nigeria, calcitic.