Journal of
Geology and Mining Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Geol. Min. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9766
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 176

Full Length Research Paper

Hydrochemical assessment of groundwater quality in the Chad Basin around Maiduguri, Nigeria

A. Bakari
  • A. Bakari
  • School of Science and Environmental Technology, University of Abertay Dundee, DD1 1HG, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 13 December 2013
  •  Published: 21 January 2014


Adelana SM (2006). A quantitative estimation of groundwater recharge in parts of the Sokoto Basin, Nigeria. Environ. Hydrol. 14(5):105-119.
Adelana SM, Olasehinde PI, Vrbka P (2003). Isotope and geochemical characterization of surface and subsurface waters in the semi-arid Sokoto Basin, Nigeria. Afr. J. Sci. Tech. (AJST). 4(2):80-89.
Akujieze CN, Coker SJ, Oteze GE (2003). Groundwater in Nigeria- a millennium experience-distribution, practise, problems and solutions. Hydrogeology 11(2):259-274.
APHA (1998). Standards Methods for the Examination of water and wastewater (20th Ed.). Washington, DC: Am. Public Health Assoc.
Atabey E (2005). In: Atabey, E. (ed) Publications of chamber of geology engineers of Turkey. TMMOB, Ankara.
Barber W, Jones DG (1960). The Geology and Hydrogeology of Maiduguri, Borno Province. Records of the Geological Survey of Nigeria, pp. 5-20.
Corell DL (1998). Buffer zones and water quality protection: General principles. In Buffer Zones: Their Processes and Potential in Water Protection, eds. Haycock NE, Burt TP, Goulding KW, Pinay G, pp. 7–20. ISBN, Quest Environmental, Harpendon.
Domagalski JL, Johnson H (2012). Phosphorus and Groundwater: Establishing links between agricultural use and tansport to streams: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012-300, P. 4.
Edmunds WM, Fellman E, Goni IB (1999). Lakes, groundwater and palaeohydrology in the Sahel of NE Nigeria: Evidence from hydrogeochemistry. J. Geol. Soc. 156(2):345-355.
Edmunds WM, Street-Perrott G (1996) Solute profile techniques for recharge estimation in semi-arid and arid terrain. In: Estimation of natural groundwater recharge. NATO ASI Series. Reidel, Dordrecht, pp. 139-158.
Eugster HP, Maglione G (1979). Brines and evaporites of the Lake Chad basin, Africa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 43(7):973-981.
Foster S, Lawrence A, Morris B (1998). Groundwater in Urban Development – Assessing Management Needs and Formulating Policy Strategies. World Bank Technical Paper 390. World Bank, Washington, DC, USA.
Freeze RA, Cherry JA (1979). Groundwater. 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Eaglewood, Cliff, New Jersey, USA, P. 604.
Furon R (1960). Geologie de l'Afrique, deuxieme edition. Payot, Paris.
Gaye CB, Edmunds WM (1996) Intercomparison between physical, geochemical and isotopic methods for estimating groundwater recharge in north-western Senegal. Environ. Geol. 27:246-251.
Goni IB (2006). The challenges of meeting domestic water supply in Nigeria. J. Min. Geol. 42(1):51-55.
Goni IB, Fellman E, Edmunds WM (2001). Rainfall geochemistry in the Sahel region of northern Nigeria. Atmos. Environ. 35(25):4331-4339.
Jaekel D (1984). Rainfall patterns and lake level variations at Lake Chad: in climatic changes on a yearly to millennial basis, Geological, Historical and Instrumental Records, Morner N, and Karlen W, Eds D. Reidel Publ. co. Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 191-200.
Kessler T, Hesse A (2000). Cross-over study of the influence of bicarbonate-rich mineral water on urinary composition in comparison with sodium potassium citrate in healthy male subjects. Br. J. Nutr. 84(6):865-887.
Kolo BG, Jibrin MD, Ishaku IN (2009). Elemental analysis of Tap and Borehole water in Maiduguri, semi-arid region, Nigeria. Environ. J. Sci. 1(2):26-29.
Kumar P (2010). "Tracing the factors responsible for arsenic enrichment in groundwater of the middle Gangetic Plain, India: a source identification perspective." Environ. Geochem. Health 32(2):129-146.
Lakshmanan E, Kannan R, Kumar MS (2003). Major ion chemistry and identification of hydrogeochemical processes of ground water in a part of Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. Environ. Geosci. 10(4):157-166.
Langmuir D (1997). Aqueous environmental chemistry. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. P. 600.
Lloyd JW, Heathcote JA (1985). Natural inorganic hydrochemistry in relation to groundwater. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Maduabuchi C, Faye S, Maloszewski P (2006). "Isotope evidence of palaeorecharge and palaeoclimate in the deep confined aquifers of the Chad Basin, NE Nigeria. Environment 370(1):467-479.
Mercado A (1985). The use of hydrogeochemical patterns in carbonate sand and sandstone aquifers to identify intrusion and flushing of saline water. Ground Water. 23(5):635-645.
Miller RE, Johnston RH, Olowu JAI, Uzoma JU (1968). Groundwater hydrology of the Chad Basin in Borno and Dikwa Emirates, with special emphasis on the flow life of the artesian system. USGS Water Supply Paper. 1757.
National Population Commisions (NPC). (2006). Provisional 2006 Nigeria Census Results. Abuja, Nigeria.
Nolan BT, Hitt KJ, Ruddy BC (2002). Probability of nitrate contamination of recently recharged groundwater in the conterminous United States. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:2138-2145.
Obaje N (2009). Geology and Mineral Resources of Nigeria. Springer-verlag, Berlin Heildelberg. ISBN 978-3-540-92684-9.
Odada EO, Oyebande L, Oguntola JA (2006). Lake Chad. Experience and Lessons Learned Brief. Lake Basin Management Initiative (LBMI) Experience and Lessons Learned Briefs.
Offodile ME (1992). An approach to groundwater study and development in Nigeria. Mecon Services Ltd. pp. 66-78.
Oteze GE, Fayose SA (1988). Regional development in the Hydrology of Chad basin. Water Resourc. 1(1):9-29.
Ramakrishnaiah CR, Sadashivaiah C, Ranganna G (2009). Assessment of Water Quality Index for the Groundwater in TumkurTaluk, Karnataka State, India. E-J. Chem. 6(2):523-530.
Singleton MJ, Woods KN, Conrad ME, Depaolo DJ, Dresel PE (2005). Tracking sources of unsaturated zone and groundwater nitrate contamination using nitrogen and oxygen stable isotopes at the Hanford site, Washington. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39:3563-3570.
Squillace PJ, Scott JC, Moran MJ, Nolan BT, Kolpin DW (2002). VOCs, pesticides, nitrate, and their mixtures in groundwater used for drinking water in the United States. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36:1923-1930
Stuart M, Lapworth D, Crane E, Hart A (2012). Review of risk from potential emerging contaminants in UK groundwater. Sci. Total Environ. 416:1-21.
Stumn W, Morgan JI (1981). Aquatic chemistry: an introduction emphasizing chemical equilibria in natural waters. New York: Wiley-Interscience P. 780.
Trivedy RK, Goyal PK (1986). Chemical and Biological Methods for water pollution studies, Environmental publications, Karad.
Uslu O, Turkman A (1987). Water pollution and control. Publication series of Environment General Directorate of Prime Ministry of Turkish Republic. 1:251-265.
Wasik E, Bahdziewic ZJ, Blasszczyk M (2001). Removal of nitrates from groundwater by hybrid process of biological denitrification and microfiltration membrane. Process Biochem. 37:57-64.
Wolfe AH, Patz JA (2002). Reactive nitrogen and human health: Acute and long term implications. Ambio: J Human Environ. 23(2):120-125.
World Health Organisation (1984). "Guidelines for drinking-water quality, health criteria and other supporting information." World Health Organization, Geneva. 1984:2.
World Health Organisation (1993). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality (2nd Ed.). Vol. 1: Recommendations. Geneva: World Health Organisation. ISBN 94-4-154503.
World Health Organisation (2011) Guidelines for drinking water quality (4th edn), World Health Organisation.