Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 166

Full Length Research Paper

Symptomatic urogenital candidiasis and therapeutic management on women taking oral contraceptive pills

Jombo G. T. A.1*, Akpera M. T.2, Adebisi S. I.3 and Bolarin D. M.4
1Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, Nigeria. 2Department of Haematology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119 Makurdi, Nigeria. 3Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Health Sciences, Benue State University, P. M. B. 102119, Makurdi, Nigeria. 4Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 November 2010
  •  Published: 30 December 2010


The use of oral contraceptive pills are increasingly becoming popular among women in both urban and rural Nigerian settings, and its perceived association with gynaecologic infections not withstanding. This study was therefore carried out to ascertain the rate of urogenital candidiasis among women on oral contraceptive pills (OCP) in Gboko town. All the willing women on OCP attending family planning clinic and Comprehensive health centre in Gboko were consecutively recruited in the month of September, 2009. Questionnaires were used to obtain relevant data such as age, marital status, occupation and urogenital symptoms. Urine, high vaginal swab and endocervical swab specimens were subsequently collected, transported and processed for isolation of microorganisms using standard laboratory procedures. The rate of urogenital candidiasis among the 153 women on OCP was significantly higher 36.5% compared to the control 20.3% (P < 0.05) in as much as their general knowledge about the disease was poor; similarly, genitourinary symptoms were recorded in 22.2% of the women on OCP as compared to the 5.2% in the control group (P < 0.001) and was significantly higher among the singles, separated, widowed and divorced (64.4 to 64.7%) compared to the married 27% (P < 0.05). 79.4% of the symptomatic infections were caused by Candida species. Women should be properly counselled and health educated on the need for prompt and adequate treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis while facilities for appropriate treatment and proper laboratory diagnosis provided. 


Key words: Candidiasis, contraceptive pills, oral, urogenital, women.