Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 160

Full Length Research Paper

Biological control of olive leaf spot (peacock spot disease) caused by Cycloconium oleaginum (Spilocea oleaginea)

Mahmoud Al-Khatib1*, Khalaf Alhussaen1, Nasser El-Banna2 and Morouj Zyadeh3
        1Department of Plant Production and Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Jerash Private University, Jerash-Jordan. 2Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Hashemite University, Zarka – Jordan. 3Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Jerash Private University, Jerash-Jordan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 03 September 2010
  •  Published: 30 September 2011

Abstract

 

      We report the antifungal activity of eight different bacterial isolates (Bacillus megaterium NB-3, Bacillus cereus NB-4, B. cereus NB-5, Bacillus subtilis NB-6, Corynebacterium xerosis NB-2, Burkholderia mallei NB-8, B. subtilis (HNEB-1) and B. cereus NEB II voru) against the olive leaf spot fungus (Cycloconium oleaginum). B. subtilis NB-6 (6.88 cm2), B. megaterium NB-3 (7.13 cm2), B. subtilis HNEB-1 (7.63 cm2) and B. cereus NB-4(7.88 cm2) were found to control significantly the growth of C. oleaginum, where the strains of C. xerosis NB-2 (12.75 cm2), B. mallei NB-8 (15.63 cm2) and B. cereus NB-5 (16.25 cm2) controlled the fungal growth under the experimental conditions. B. cereus NEBII voru is the only tested bacterial strain that enhanced the fungal growth of C. oleaginum under our experimental conditions (46.25 cm2).

 

Key words: Bacillus, antifungal, biological control, olive Leaf spot, Burkholderia, Corynebacterium, Cycloconium oleaginum.