Journal of
Microbiology and Antimicrobials

  • Abbreviation: J. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2308
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 160

Full Length Research Paper

Bacterial activity of crude extracts of Vernonia amygdalina on clinical isolates

Adetunji C. O.1*, Olaniyi O.O.2 and Ogunkunle A.T.J.
  1Nigerian Stored Product Research Institute, Km 3 Asa Dam Road, P.M.B. 1489, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. 2Microbiology Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. 3Pure and Applied Biology, LAUTECH,PMB 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 June 2013
  •  Published: 30 June 2013

Abstract

 

The antibacterial activities and preliminary phytochemical screening of ethanolic and aqeous extract of Vernonia amygdalina was performed against clinical isolates obtained from University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH) which included Escherichia coilStaphylococcus aureus andPseudomonas aeruginosa. Generally, the ethanol extracts showed more activities than aqueous extracts in both samples. The extracts exhibited antibacterial activity against the test organisms (0.5 to 15.50 mm). The phytochemical screening of Vernonia amydalina showed the presence of tannins, cardiac glycosides, saponins and alkaloids. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranged between 25 and 200 mg/ml. V. amydalina exhibited a minimum bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) of 50 mg/ml for P. aeruginosa and 125 mg/ml for S. aureuswhile E. coil was bacteriostastic. The crude extracts exhibited strong potency against the clinical bacteria with P. aeruginosa being the most susceptible. The antibacterial efficacy of the crude extracts is therefore discussed.

 

Key words: Antimicrobial activity, minimum inhibitory concentration, phytochemical, Vernonia amygdalina