Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3799

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnobotanical survey and phytochemical screening of aqueous extracts from Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr in Mali

N. Dembele
  • N. Dembele
  • Institute of Applied Sciences, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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A. A. Somboro
  • A. A. Somboro
  • Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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M. Badiaga
  • M. Badiaga
  • Institute of Applied Sciences, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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S. Cisse
  • S. Cisse
  • Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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M. Cisse
  • M. Cisse
  • Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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I. Togola
  • I. Togola
  • Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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P. Nick
  • P. Nick
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. Germany.
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N. Traore
  • N. Traore
  • Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
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  •  Received: 05 July 2022
  •  Accepted: 30 September 2022
  •  Published: 31 October 2022

Abstract

Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr is a tree which belongs to Caesalpiniacea family and can reach up 10 m of height, with a horizontal root system. It is confined to the arid regions of West and Central Africa, where it mainly occurs in savannah. The aim of this work is to collate information on the use of Detarium microcarpum in folk medicine by traditional health practitioners and herbalists. Moreover, a phytochemical screening was carried out on the aqueous extracts from its major organs. The ethnobotanical survey was conducted in three administrative regions of Mali (Koulikoro, Sikasso, and Segou), and in the District of Bamako involving 45 individuals, including 25 women and 20 men. According to the collected information leaf, bark, and root of the plant have therapeutic properties and are known to treat 16 diseases, mainly infections and pains. The phytochemical screening detected numerous secondary metabolites, including alkaloids, polyphenolic compounds, terpenes, quinones, anthraquinones, reducing sugars, amines and saponosides in aqueous extracts from leaf, stem bark and root. These compounds could justify the use of this plant in folk medicine.

Key words: Detarium microcarpum, ethnobotanical survey, phytochemical screening, aqueous extracts, Mali.