Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3833

Full Length Research Paper

Pollen extracts from the Soconusco region: Chemical profile and effect against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Eduardo Lozano Guzmán
  • Eduardo Lozano Guzmán
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Luis Ángel Morán Núñez
  • Luis Ángel Morán Núñez
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Maribel Cervantes Flores
  • Maribel Cervantes Flores
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Adolfo Padilla Mendiola
  • Adolfo Padilla Mendiola
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
María Guadalupe Nieto Pescador
  • María Guadalupe Nieto Pescador
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Gerardo Alfonso Anguiano Vega
  • Gerardo Alfonso Anguiano Vega
  • Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juárez University of Durango State, Durango, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Víctor Jesús Albores Flores
  • Víctor Jesús Albores Flores
  • Biosciences Institute, Autonomous University of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Alfonso López García
  • Alfonso López García
  • Biosciences Institute, Autonomous University of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Julieta Grajales Conesa
  • Julieta Grajales Conesa
  • Biosciences Institute, Autonomous University of Chiapas, Chiapas, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Ferdinando Lucas Góis
  • Ferdinando Lucas Góis
  • Department of Life Sciences, State University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Danilo Moreira Vilas Boas
  • Danilo Moreira Vilas Boas
  • College of Pharmacy, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Gislane Oliveira Ribeiro
  • Gislane Oliveira Ribeiro
  • Agronomy School, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Gildeon Silva Marques
  • Gildeon Silva Marques
  • College of Pharmacy, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Luciano Morais Lião
  • Luciano Morais Lião
  • Chemistry Institute, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Mariângela Vieira Lopes Silva1
  • Mariângela Vieira Lopes Silva1
  • Department of Life Sciences, State University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Ademir Evangelista do Vale
  • Ademir Evangelista do Vale
  • College of Pharmacy, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador-Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Erika Maria de Oliveira Ribeiro
  • Erika Maria de Oliveira Ribeiro
  • Department of Life Sciences, State University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 06 April 2024
  •  Accepted: 10 May 2024
  •  Published: 31 May 2024

Abstract

Pollen has been widely known to have beneficial properties for humans, including fighting harmful microorganisms. On the other hand, bacterial resistance is an obvious global problem that has increased over the years. For this reason, the study of the antimicrobial properties of substances such as pollen could play an important role in this area. The present work focused on evaluating the antimocrobial effect of pollen collected by five bee species (Melipona becheii, Melipona solani, Scaptotrigona mexicana, Scaptotrigona pectoralis and Tetragonisca angustula) from the Soconusco (in Chiapas, Mexico) against  methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Four types of solvents were tested (isopropanol, acetonitrile, methanol, and water). The compounds were separated and identified by High Performance Liquid Chromatography. The inhibition study was done by microdilution and MCI was determined. The pollen structures were analyzed by microscopy. Among the compounds detected with greatest abundance are: chrysin, riboflavin, myricetin and nordihydroguayaretic acid stand out. The structure of pollen was studied by microscopy. The results show little antimicrobial effectiveness in all extracts. However, a first approximation to the chemical profile of pollen from Soconusco is achieved, which is important since there are not many reports in this regard.

Key words: Pollen, microbial inhibition, Soconusco, chemical profile, native bee, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).