Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3799

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnopharmacological investigation on Msindzano, a beauty mask used by Comorian women: What plants for what mixtures, for what applications?

Said Hassane Soidrou
  • Said Hassane Soidrou
  • Laboratory of Foods and Natural Substances Reactivity and Synthesis, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of Comoros, BP 2585, Moroni, Comoros.
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Radjab Youssouf
  • Radjab Youssouf
  • Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Site University of Patsi, University of Comoros, BP 2585, Moroni, Comoros.
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Azali Ahamada Himidi
  • Azali Ahamada Himidi
  • Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technology Saïss, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, P. O. Box 2202. Fez, Morocco.
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Ahmed Msahazi
  • Ahmed Msahazi
  • Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technology Saïss, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, P. O. Box 2202. Fez, Morocco.
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Abdellah Farah
  • Abdellah Farah
  • Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technology Saïss, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah University, P. O. Box 2202. Fez, Morocco.
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  •  Received: 16 October 2020
  •  Accepted: 15 March 2021
  •  Published: 30 September 2022

Abstract

Although extensively used by Comorian women, limited information exists on Msindzano beauty masks. Thus an ethnopharmacological survey was conducted on two islands of the Comoros archipelago: Ndzuani and Ngazidja. An open-ended, semi-structured questionnaire was employed for data collection on the different plants used for Msindzano preparation, their different mixtures and their different applications. A total of 348 women were interviewed on both islands. Thirty-nine plant species were recorded in this investigation, 30 in Ndzuani and 27 in Ngazidja, with 19 being used on both islands. Santalum album is the main plant used in Msindzano. It is followed by Acokanthera schimperi, Sesamum indicum and Arachys hypogea. Regarding the different mixtures, twenty-one mixtures are used in Ndzuani and 10 in Ngazidja. The main purpose for the application of Msindzano is to lighten the skin, but also to eliminate acne, as a sun block against radiation, heat and allergies. In Ndzuani it is largely used against heat and to eliminate acne, while in Ngazidja it is employed mostly as a sun block against radiation. It is thus concluded that Msindzano is an important tool used by Comorian women as cosmetics as well as for the treatment of certain skin diseases.

Key words: Cosmetics, eliminate acne, lighten skin, Msindzano, Ndzuani, Ngazidja.