Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3727

Full Length Research Paper

Chemical and organic fertilizer: The effect on apiin production by Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum Danert

Mylena Firmiano de Andrade
  • Mylena Firmiano de Andrade
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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Luiziene Soares Alves
  • Luiziene Soares Alves
  • Department of Chemistry (PPGQ), Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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Bruna Cristina Borges Machado
  • Bruna Cristina Borges Machado
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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Marco Andre Alves de Souza
  • Marco Andre Alves de Souza
  • Laboratory of Plant Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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Rosane Nora Castro
  • Rosane Nora Castro
  • Department of Organic Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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Douglas Siqueira de Almeida Chaves
  • Douglas Siqueira de Almeida Chaves
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Biological Sciences and Health, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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André Marques dos Santos
  • André Marques dos Santos
  • Laboratory of Plant Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Brazil.
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  •  Received: 22 January 2021
  •  Accepted: 01 March 2021
  •  Published: 31 March 2021

Abstract

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum Danert) is a vegetable species with potential for pharmaceutical use because it contains apiin, a flavonoid that stands out for having biological activities, such as antioxidant. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of chemical or organic fertilizers on the nitrogen metabolism and production of flavonoids in parsley at different stages of development, aiming to establish the most appropriate management of this crop. The experiment was carried out in flower beds with three treatments: Without fertilizer, chemical fertilization and organic fertilization (Bokashi), with two harvest times, 28 and 56 days after germination (DAG). The harvest period significantly influenced the analyzed variables, but the fertilizer source used did not. In this sense, for the production of apiin, fertilization is unnecessary when the soil used has good fertility conditions. It is also recommended to harvest all the plants at 28 DAG, dispensing with late cultivation, thus resulting in reduced production costs.

Key words: Parsley, soluble fractions, fertilizer, chemical fertilization, Bokashi, flavonoids.