Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Full Length Research Paper

Systematic anatomy and elemental dispersive spectrophotometer analysis of genus Pennisetum from Pakistan

Shabnum Shaheen1*, Farah Khan1, Rana Abrar Hussain2, Riffat Sidique1, Hanan Mukhtar1, Zaryab Khalid1, Amina Younis1, Mushtaq Ahmad2,3 and Muhammad Zafar2,3
1Department of Botany, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan. 2Science and Technology University of Education Lahore, Pakistan. 3Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 December 2011
  •  Published: 09 February 2012


Microscopic examination of five species of genus Pennisetum was carried out from Pakistan. The investigation of the species was based on the evidence from the epidermal leaf anatomy (LM and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and elemental dispersive spectrophotometer analysis. Leaf epidermal anatomy of the selected species showed variation in size and shape of stomatal cells, micro and macro hairs, trichomes, silica bodies, hooks, papillae and long cells. Leaf epidermal anatomy proved a significant tool for the identification and classification in systematics. Energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) emerged as a new taxonomic tool in the classification of the selected species and was done first time for the genus Pennisetum.


Key words: Systematic anatomy, energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), Pennisetum.