Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3636

Full Length Research Paper

Menopause disorders and their treatment in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso

Alphonsine Ramde-Tiendrebeogo
  • Alphonsine Ramde-Tiendrebeogo
  • Department of Traditional Medicine and Pharmacopoeia-Pharmacy, Research Institute in Health Sciences (MEPHATRA-PH/IRSS), National Center for Scientific and Technological Research (CNRST), 03 BP 7034 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Sabine Hien
  • Sabine Hien
  • Gaoua Medical Center S/C Ministry of Health, 03 BP 7009 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso. 3Laboratory of Biology and Plant Ecology, Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo University, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Hassanata Millogo-Kone
  • Hassanata Millogo-Kone
  • Department of Traditional Medicine and Pharmacopoeia-Pharmacy, Research Institute in Health Sciences (MEPHATRA-PH/IRSS), National Center for Scientific and Technological Research (CNRST), 03 BP 7034 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Felix B. Kini
  • Felix B. Kini
  • Department of Traditional Medicine and Pharmacopoeia-Pharmacy, Research Institute in Health Sciences (MEPHATRA-PH/IRSS), National Center for Scientific and Technological Research (CNRST), 03 BP 7034 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Aristide Traore
  • Aristide Traore
  • Department of Traditional Medicine and Pharmacopoeia-Pharmacy, Research Institute in Health Sciences (MEPHATRA-PH/IRSS), National Center for Scientific and Technological Research (CNRST), 03 BP 7034 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Issaka Boussim
  • Joseph Issaka Boussim
  • Laboratory of Biology and Plant Ecology, Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo University, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Innocent Pierre Guissou
  • Innocent Pierre Guissou
  • Faculty of Health Sciences (FSDS), St. Thomas d’Aquin University (USTA), 06 BP 10212 Ouagadougou 06, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 September 2019
  •  Accepted: 28 October 2019
  •  Published: 30 November 2019

Abstract

A survey was conducted in the central region of Burkina Faso to find out about women's menopause-related disorders and their treatment in traditional medicine. Fifty-six (56) species have been identified to treat different symptoms such as hot flashes, insomnia, nausea, joint and muscle pain, itching, lower abdominal pain, edema, mood disorders, vertigo. Leaves and stem bark were the most recommended in the preparation of recipes, at 43 and 39% respectively. The majority of the species (60.72%) was local food plants with a high use value (UVs ≥ 0.50). Many chemical groups including alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, sterols, triterpenes, anthraquinones, carotenoids, anthracenosides, phenolic acids, coumarins, capable of reducing or eliminating these different symptoms exist in these plants. Also, the presence of several mineral elements such as Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Phosphorus (P), Sodium (Na), Aluminum (Al), Iron (Fe), Potassium (K), Iodine (I), Vitamins A, B, C, F, K, P, E, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, fibers, resins and gum show the importance of these plants in human nutrition. These local plants are therefore potential sources for the development of new natural nutraceuticals in the management of menopausal period in women.

Key words: Menopause, medicinal plants, nutrients, phytoestrogens.