Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3728

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnobotanical study of selected medicinal plants used for the treatment of respiratory diseases in Southern Brazil

Marília Schutz Borges
  • Marília Schutz Borges
  • Laboratório de Plantas Medicinais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, 88806-000, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
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Michele Darós Freitas
  • Michele Darós Freitas
  • Laboratório de Plantas Medicinais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, 88806-000, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
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Paula da Silva Cardoso
  • Paula da Silva Cardoso
  • Laboratório de Plantas Medicinais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, 88806-000, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
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Vanilde Citadini- Zanette
  • Vanilde Citadini- Zanette
  • Herbário Pe. Dr. Raulino Reitz, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, 88806-000, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
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Silvia Dal Bó
  • Silvia Dal Bó
  • Laboratório de Plantas Medicinais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, 88806-000, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
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Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral
  • Patrícia de Aguiar Amaral
  • Laboratório de Plantas Medicinais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, UNESC, 88806-000, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brasil.
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  •  Received: 13 May 2020
  •  Accepted: 04 December 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021

Abstract

This survey explored the ethnobotanical uses of selected medicinal plants; Adiantum raddianum C. Presl. (Pteridaceae), Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Brown (Verbenaceae) and Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae) used for respiratory diseases in Southern Santa Catarina (Brazil). This is timely as the incidence of respiratory disease is increasing in this state. Information was obtained through both interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire administered to 368 people and evaluation of published literature on these plants from scientific peer reviewed journals. The age profile of participants ranged from 20 to over 89 years, with females representing 75% of interviewees. Regarding their use of the medicinal species, 53% reported being users of one of the three plants. Approximately, 52% of users preferred to utilize L. alba, 40% C. didymus and 8% A. raddianum. The primary respiratory diseases reported for use by the plants included   cough, flu or cold, lung disorders, bronchitis and asthma. There was also more scientific literature available to support the use of L. alba for treatment of respiratory diseases. This study contributes to the documentation of the medicinal and popular uses of L. alba, C. didymus and A. raddianum in Southern Brazil, in ways that respect and support their conservation. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the biochemical and pharmacological activities of C. didymus and A. raddianum.

Key words:  medicinal plants, Coronopus didymus, Adiantum raddianum, Lippia alba, respiratory problems, ethnobotanical survey.