Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3813

Full Length Research Paper

Fatty acid composition of Boerhaavia procumbens L. roots oil by gas chromatography mass spectrometry

Iqbal Hussain2*, Muhammad Talha1, Riaz Ullah2, 4, Shahid Khan2, Muhammad Sadique3 and Gul Alkhter Marwat 3
1College of Science Research Centre, King Saud University, P. O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat-26000 KPK, Pakistan. 3PCSIR Labs Complex Jamrud Road Peshawar, KPK Pakistan. 4Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 16 February 2012
  •  Published: 16 April 2012


The Boerhaavia procumbens roots oil, constituents of methyl ester derivatives of fatty acids, were analyzed using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometer. The results obtained contain saturated, as well as unsaturated fatty acids of B. procumbensroots oils. A total of 18 different components were identified and quantified. Methyl ester of linoleic acid was found in high concentration (9.00%) among the identified analytes of interest. In addition, methyl ester of oleic acid (5.60%), palmitic acid (3.98%), and linolenic acids (1.42%) were found. Concentration of the rest identified fatty acids analytes were less than 1%. Due to the presence of a high percentage of valuable analytes in Boerhaavia procumbens, there is an increased importance in its use in pharmaceuticals, as well as its applications in the new formulations for various skin diseases to prevent and cure different infections.


Key words: Boerhaavia procumbens, methyl ester, fatty acid, gas chromatography.