Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3728

Full Length Research Paper

Farmers’ awareness and ethno-veterinary practices regarding porcine cysticercosis in the province of Boulkiemde, Burkina Faso

Laibane Dieudonne Dahourou
  • Laibane Dieudonne Dahourou
  • Institut des Sciences de l’Environnement et du Développement Rural (ISEDR), Université de Dédougou, BP 176, Dédougou, Burkina Faso.
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Almamy Konate
  • Almamy Konate
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales (LABIOSA), Département de Productions Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
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Arnaud Stephane Rayangnewende Tapsoba
  • Arnaud Stephane Rayangnewende Tapsoba
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales (LABIOSA), Département de Productions Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
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Benewende Aristide Kabore
  • Benewende Aristide Kabore
  • Insectarium de Bobo-Dioulasso - Campagne d’Eradication de la mouche Tsé-tsé et de la Trypanosomiase (IBD-CETT), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
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Adama Kabore
  • Adama Kabore
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales (LABIOSA), Département de Productions Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
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Hamidou Hamadou Tamboura
  • Hamidou Hamadou Tamboura
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales (LABIOSA), Département de Productions Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
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Amadou Traore
  • Amadou Traore
  • Laboratoire de Biologie et Santé Animales (LABIOSA), Département de Productions Animales, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 20 September 2020
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2021
  •  Published: 30 April 2021

Abstract

Porcine cysticercosis is a major public health issue in Burkina Faso. This study investigated farmers’ awareness and ethno-veterinary practices regarding this disease in Boulkiemde province, Burkina Faso. A survey was done with 132 randomly selected pig farmers in 10 villages of two municipalities of Boulkiemde province, using a semi-structured questionnaire. The majority of interviewed farmers (54%) were from the Koudougou municipality and female (77%). The average number of pigs per farm was 5.4, and all pigs were roaming free during the dry season. All farmers already heard about porcine cysticercosis and the condition had various names in local languages in the study area. In the area, 66% of farmers observed porcine cysticercosis in their pigs, and among them 85% have noted cysticercosis cases in their farms during a period of six months before the survey. During the survey, farmers stated that, on average, infected pigs lost 62% of their market value. Among farmers, 77% knew some traditional treatments based on plants. Fourteen plants species were documented as used in the treatment of this disease. The most commonly used plant species is Parkia biglobosa, with a frequency index of 37%. In general, the leaves (44%), bark (30%), seeds (23%) and roots (3%) are used in treatments that are administered only orally.

Key words: Burkina Faso, Sabou, Koudougou, Tænia solium, plant, treatment.