Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3743

Review

Eleutherococcus senticosus as a crude medicine: Review of biotechnological effects

Sun Yan-Lin1, Liu Lin-De2 and Hong Soon-Kwan1,3*
1Department of Bio-Health Technology, College of Biomedical Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Kangwon-Do, 200-701, Korea. 2School of Life Sciences, Ludong University, Yantai, Shandong, 264-025, China. 3Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Kangwon-Do, 200-701, Korea.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Published: 16 November 2011

Abstract

Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms (=Acanthopanax senticosus, Araliaceae), also called Siberian ginseng, Ciwujia in Chinese and Gasiogalpi in Korean, is a woody medicinal plant, distributed in the cold regions of Northeast Asia. E. senticosus (ES, thereafter) has been found to possess efficacies on strengthening spleen and nourishing kidney in the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine. As its great medicinal and economic significance, ES is popularly considered as an “adaptogen” like Panax ginseng. In recent decades, a great number of biotechnological, chemical, pharmacological, and clinical studies on ES have been carried out worldwide. The goal of present review is to up-to-date and comprehensively analyze the biotechnological trials on traditional propagation, embryogenesis, and molecular classification of ES. Due to the poor and/or even failed seed setting and over-exploitation, ES has been prescribed as an endangered plant by the Environmental Ministry in Korea. Despite conventional propagations including seed and stem cutting propagation, have achieved a great process, their productivity could not come up to that through in vitro micro- and mass-propagation of ES. And the in vitro regenerated plantlets have been used as materials for production of secondary metabolites and other biotechnological applications. Molecular classification by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis could help further understanding of relationships among populations, growth conditions, and quality as medicinal materials to improve farm cultivation of ES.

 

Key words: Eleutherococcus senticosus, Acanthopanax senticosus, propagation, biotechnology, medicinal plant, adaptogen.

Abbreviation

ES, Eleutherococcus senticosusRAPD, randomly amplified polymorphic DNA; GA3, gibberellic acid; MS, Murashige and Skoog; 2,4-D, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid; LEDs, light emitting diodes; JA, jasmonic acid; ROS, reactive oxygen species; hLf,human lactoferrin; PgSS1; squalene synthass-encoding gene derived from Panax ginseng;ISSR, inter-simple sequence repeat.