Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnobotany and antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants of Bakhtiari Zagross mountains, Iran

A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti*, F. Malekpoor and B. Hamedi
Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Medicinal Plants, Researches Centre of Medicinal Plants and Ethno-veterinary, P. O. Box: 166,Shahrekord, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 08 December 2011
  •  Published: 09 February 2012

Abstract

The major aims of this study was to determine ethnobotany and antimicrobial activity of sixteen medicinal, aromatic and nutraceutical plants from high altitude of Bakhtiari Zagross mountains, which are Iranian medicinal plants. Antimicrobial activities of extract of sixteen Iranian folklore plants including, Heracleum lasiopetalum Boiss. (Apiaceae), Satureja bachtiarica Bunge. (Lamiacae), Thymus daenensis Celak. (Lamiacae), Ziziphora teniur L. (Lamiacae),Echiophora platyloba L. (Apiaceae), Dracocephalum multicaule Benth. (Lamiacae), Kelussia odoratissima Mozff. (Apiaceae), Mentha longifolia Hudson. (Lamiacae), Achillea kellalensisBoiss. (Asteraceae), Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl. (Lamiacae), Hypericum scabrum L. (Hypericaceae), Quercus brantii Lindley. (Fagaceae), Myrtus communis L. (Myrtaceae), Pistachia atlantica Desf. (Anacardiaceae), Arnebia euchroma (Royle.) Johnston. (Boraginaceae) and Salvia hydrangea DC. (Lamiacae) were investigated against strains ofStaphylococcus aureusEscherichia coliPseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Yersinia enterocoliticaBacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter jejuni and Candida albicans by agar disc diffusion and serial dilution assays. The results of the study reveal that some of species play an important role in primary healthcare system of these tribal communities. Some of the medicinal plants showed relatively high antimicrobial activity against all the tested bacteria and fungi. In conclusion, it can be said that the extract and essential oil of some of the medicinal plants from high altitude of Bakhtiari Zagross Mountains could be used as natural antibacterial agents in the food preservation and human health.

 

Key words: Medicinal plants, ethnobotany, ‎antimicrobial activity, high altitude, Zagross mountains.