Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3590

Full Length Research Paper

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase gallic acid production in leaves of field grown Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz

Francineyde A. Silva*
  • Francineyde A. Silva*
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Fungos, Departamento de Micologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Av. das Engenharias, s/n, 50670-420 - Recife, PE, Brazil.
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Magda R. A. Ferreira
  • Magda R. A. Ferreira
  • Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Farmácia. Av. Prof. Arthur Sá, s/n Cidade Universitária 50740-521 ? Recife, PE, Brazil.
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Luiz A. L. Soares
  • Luiz A. L. Soares
  • Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Farmácia. Av. Prof. Arthur Sá, s/n Cidade Universitária 50740-521 ? Recife, PE, Brazil.
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Everardo V. S. B. Sampaio
  • Everardo V. S. B. Sampaio
  • Departamento de Energia nuclear, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Luis Freire 1000, 50740-540 - Recife, PE, Brazil.
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Fábio S. B. Silva
  • Fábio S. B. Silva
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular Aplicada, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas ? ICB/Universidade de Pernambuco, Rua Arnóbio Marques, 310, Santo Amaro ? 50100-130 - Recife, PE-Brazil
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Leonor C. Maia
  • Leonor C. Maia
  • Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Fungos, Departamento de Micologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Av. das Engenharias, s/n, 50670-420 - Recife, PE, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 26 June 2014
  •  Accepted: 17 September 2014
  •  Published: 25 September 2014

Abstract

Because arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has been shown to induce concentration increases of pharmaceutically useful phytochemicals in some Brazilian semi-arid native plants, the current study examined whether mycorrhizal inoculation increased the production of bioactive compounds, especially gallic acid, in field grown Libidibia ferrea (Mart. ex Tul.) L. P. Queiroz plants. Seedlings were inoculated with Claroideoglomus etunicatum (W.N. Becker & Gerd.) C. Walker & A. Schüßler, Acaulospora longula Spain & N. C. Schenck, Gigaspora albida N. C. Schenck & G. S. Sm. or non-inoculated (control) and, seven months after transplanting, examined for growth parameters, chlorophyll, phenols, tannins and gallic acid concentrations, mycorrhizal colonization and rhizosphere AMF spore density. Plants inoculated with C. etunicatum had 21% higher gallic acid concentrations than control plants while those inoculated with G. albida had higher total chlorophyll concentrations. Mycorrhizal technology employing C. etunicatum can constitute an alternative to increase gallic acid production in field grown L. ferrea plants.

 

Key words: Glomeromycota, secondary compounds, ironwood, pau ferro, Caatinga, semi-arid.