Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3672

Full Length Research Paper

Content and chemical composition of the essential oil from Byrsonima verbascifolia Rich. ex a. Juss. collected in different seasons and times of day

Henrique Antônio de Oliveira Lourenço
  • Henrique Antônio de Oliveira Lourenço
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Câmpus Rio Verde, CEP 75901-970. Rio Verde - GO, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Juliana de Fátima Sales
  • Juliana de Fátima Sales
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Câmpus Rio Verde, CEP 75901-970. Rio Verde - GO, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Fabiano Guimarães Silva*
  • Fabiano Guimarães Silva*
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Câmpus Rio Verde, CEP 75901-970. Rio Verde - GO, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Nathália Lopes Ribeiro
  • Nathália Lopes Ribeiro
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Câmpus Rio Verde, CEP 75901-970. Rio Verde - GO, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Jéssica Leal de Freitas e Souza
  • Jéssica Leal de Freitas e Souza
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Câmpus Rio Verde, CEP 75901-970. Rio Verde - GO, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Paulo Sérgio Pereira
  • Paulo Sérgio Pereira
  • Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano - Câmpus Rio Verde, CEP 75901-970. Rio Verde - GO, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 17 November 2014
  •  Accepted: 23 March 2015
  •  Published: 25 March 2015

Abstract

Certain factors may influence the special metabolite production in plants. Leaves of Byrsonima verbascifolia (MALPIGHIACEAE) were collected during different seasons and times of day, to determine the concentration and chemical composition of volatile oils. Chemical analysis indicated that oxygenated sesquiterpenes were the most concentrated, and oxygenated monoterpenes were the least concentrated. The primary components of the essential oil were pentacosane (2.747 to 9.613%), spathulenol (3.398 to 10.552%), and benzene-1,2-dicarboxylic acid diethyl ester (3.861 to 15.307%). Seasonal and circadian variations did not influence the essential oil content. However, the essential oil’s chemical composition was influenced by seasonal variation, among them the spathulenol.

 

Key words: Murici, seasonality, circadian variation, terpens, leafs.