Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3797

Full Length Research Paper

Phytochemical and biological investigation of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) cultivated in Egypt

Mostafa E. M. Rateb1, Abdel-Nasser A. M. El-Gendy2, Seham S. El-Hawary3 and Ali M. El-Shamy3    
1Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Sueif University, Egypt. 2Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Sueif University, Egypt. 3Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Egypt.    
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 July 2007
  •  Published: 31 August 2007

Abstract

Phytochemical investigation of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) family Asteraceae cultivated in Egypt resulted in isolation and identification of four flavonoids isolated from the aerial part, four sesquiterpene lactones isolated from the leaves, two sterols isolated from the roots. A comparative study of the essential oil content of the leaves and the flower heads was performed using (GC/MS) revealing the presence of 42 and 30 components with the major components camphor (constituted 37.7 and 48.4%) and chrysanthenyl acetate (constituted 33.8 and 26.3%) in the leaves and the flower heads, respectively. Different extracts of T. parthenium(L.) showed significant analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antispasmodic and uterine-stimulant activities in addition to the in vitro cytotoxic effect.

 

Key wordsTanacetum parthenium, ethanol and water extracts, essential oil, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antispasmodic, uterine stimulant and cytotoxic.