Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3761

Full Length Research Paper

Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical profiling of crude fractions of Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae leaves

Mariah Ndilimeke Muhongo
  • Mariah Ndilimeke Muhongo
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Pan African University of Basic Science, Technology and Innovation, Juja, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Mourine Kangogo
  • Mourine Kangogo
  • Department of Medical Microbiology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Juja, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Christine Bii
  • Christine Bii
  • Center for Microbiology Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 09 December 2020
  •  Accepted: 20 January 2021
  •  Published: 28 February 2021


Casciaro B, Mangiardi L, Cappiello F, Romeo I, Loffredo MR, Iazzetti A, Calcaterra A, Goggiamani A, Ghirga F, Mangoni ML, Botta B, Quaglio D (2020). Naturally- Occurring Alkaloids of Plant Origin as Potential Antimicrobials against Antibiotic- Resistant Infections. Molecules 25(16):3619


Chinsembu CK, Hijarunguru A, Mbangu A (2015). Ethnomedicinal plants used by traditional healers in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic diseases in Rundu, Kavango East Region, Namibia. South African Journal of Botany 100:33-42.


Curtis BA, Mannheimer CA (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia. Windhoek: National Botanical Research Institute.


Dorota K, Joanna B, Izabela W, Hubert A, Charalampos P, Mirko B, Ljiljana B, Bolin Z (2017). Saponin-Based, Biological-Active Surfactants from Plants, Application and Characterization of Surfactants, Reza Najjar. IntechOpen, 


Dushimemaria F, Mumbengegwi DR, Du Preez I, Bock R (2012). Qualitative phytochemical screening and in vitro antimicrobial effects of plant extracts of Searsia tenuinervis. Research Journal of Microbiology 1:88-95.


Fisher D, Shepherd N (2016). Using a rotary evaporator with water aspirator or pump Section 1-Personal Protective Equipment-Safety glasses/goggles-Laboratory coat/gown-Proper enclosed footwear-Hair tied back if long-gloves where necessary. 6-9.



Ghirga F, Quaglio D, Ghirga P, Berardozzi S, Zappia G, Botta B, Mori M, D'Acquarica I (2016). Occurrence of Enantioselectivity in Nature: The Case of (S)- Norcoclaurine. Chirality 28:169-180.


De Ghosh M, Ramakrishna S, Ramakrishna M (2014). "Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical analysis of Medicinal Plants. World Journal Of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 3(6):1794-1799.


Iikasha A, Bock R, Mumbengegwi D (2017). Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of selected medicinal plants against laboratory diarrheal bacteria strains. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6(5):2337-2342.


Kabera JN, Semana E, Mussa AR, He X (2014). Plant secondary metabolites: Biosynthesis, classification, function and pharmacological properties. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2:377-392.


Kezwon A, Wojciechowski K (2014). Interaction of Quillaja bark saponins with food‐ relevant proteins. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 209:185‐195.


Komolafe NT (2014). Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plant extracts against bacteria causing diarrhoea. Master thesis in life sciences. University of South Africa.


Madhu M, Sailaja V, Satyadev T, Satyanarayana MV (2016). Quantitative phytochemical analysis of selected medicinal plant species by using various organic solvents. 25 Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 5(2):25-29.


Mannheimer CA, Curtis BA (2009). Le Roux and Muller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia. Windhoek, Namibia: Macmillan Education Namibia.


Mansoor NR, Sanmugarajah V (2018). A Literature Review on Medicinal Plants That are being Used in Traditional Medicine for the Management of the Snake Bites in Sri Lanka. Asian Plant Research Journal 1-18.


Mapiye S (2019). "Analysis of antibacterial activity of Terminalia Sericea and Combretum Imberbe two combretaceae species from Namibia." Master degree Dissertation. University of Namibia


Marrelli M, Conforti F, Araniti F, Statti GA (2016). Effects of saponins on lipid metabolism: A review of potential health benefits in the treatment of obesity. Molecules 21:1404. 


Mboweni HF (2018). Antimicrobial, cytotoxic and prelimenary phytochemical analysis of four medicinal plants and their formulation. Master degree Dissertation. University of Venda.


Mendhulkar VD, Kharat SN (2017). HPLC Assay, Phytochemical, FTIR Characterization and Studies on Antioxidant Activity of Elephantopus scaber (Linn) Using Six Different Soxhlet Leaf Extract. Pharma Chemica 9(23):18-28.


Ndongo D (2017). Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Phytochemical Investigation of Acacia Arenaria, Aloe Esculenta and PechuelLoeschea Leubnitziae. Doctoral dissertation, University of Namibia.


Pradeepa M, Kalidas V, Geetha N (2016). Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis and bactericidal activity of pelargonium graveolens l'her. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics 8(3):711.


Prashant T, Bimlesh K, Mandeep K, Gurpreet K, Harleen K (2011) Phyto- chemical screening and extraction: A review. Internationale Pharmaceutica Sciencia 1(1):98-106.


Ramachandran B, Kamaraj M, Subramani V, Jeyakumar JJ (2014). Screening of phytochemistry and secondary metabolites: a case study on Nyctanthes arboritis. International Journal of Pharma Research and Review 3(3):7-11.


Saxena M, Saxena J, Nema R, Singh D, Gupta A (2013). Phytochemistry of medicinal plants. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 1(6):168-82.


Selvakumar S, Vimalanban S, Balakrishnan G (2019). Quantitative determination of phytochemical constituents from Anisomeles malabarica. MOJ Bioequivalence and Bioavailability 6(1):19-21. 


Thawabteh A, Juma S, Bader M, Karaman D, Scrano L, Bufo SA, Karaman R (2019). The biological activity of natural alkaloids against herbivores, cancerous cells and pathogens. Toxins 11(11):656.


Trentin DS, Silva DB, Amaral MW, Zimmer KR, Silva MV, Lopes NP, Giordani RB Macedo AJ (2013). Tannins possessing bacteriostatic effect impair effect impair Pseudomonas aeruginosa adhesion and biofilm formation. PloS ONE 8(6):e66257.


Ushie OA, Adamu HM, Abayeh OJ, Chindo IY, Lawal U (2014). Phytochemical screening of (chrysophyllum albidum) Leaf Extracts. Journal of Applied Chemistry 2(2):40-46.


Von Koenen, E. (2001). Medicinal, Poisonous, and Edible plants in Namibia. Windhoek, Namibia: Klaus Hess Publishers.


World Health Organization (WHO) (2014). Global strategy for containment of antimicrobial resistance Geneva,World Health Organization, 2001