Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3751

Table of Content: 14 June, 2012; 6(22)

June 2012

Aconitum balfourii Stapf: A rare medicinal herb from Himalayan Alpine

Aconitum is a genus of flowering plant belonging to buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Globally, there are over 300 species of Aconitum. In India, the genus is represented by about 24 species mainly distributed in subalpine and alpine zones of Himalayas. Out of these species, Aconitum balfourii Stapf, known as Mitha and Vatsnabh, is a significant species of this genus. It is widespread in Kumaon...

Author(s): Eti Sharma and A. K. Gaur

June 2012

In vitro evaluation of antioxidant, cytotoxic and apoptotic activities of different extracts from the leaves of Teucrium ramosissimum (Lamiaceae)

The in vitro antioxidant, cytotoxic and apoptotic activities of Teucrium ramosissimumextracts were investigated. The antioxidant activities of the tested extracts were evaluated through three chemical assays which are (1): The cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC), (2) The reducing power (RP) and (3) The ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total oligomer flavonoids enriched extract...

Author(s): Mohamed Ben Sghaier, Ines Skandrani, Mohamed Sadok Khochtali, Wissem Bhouri, Kamel Ghedira and Leila Chekir-Ghedira,

June 2012

Clonal propagation and medium-term conservation of Capparis spinosa: A medicinal plant

Successful in vitro multiplication of Capparis spinosa was achieved on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with benzyl amino purine (BAP) at 0.8 mg/L. The highest shoot length (35.6 mm) was obtained with the use of 0.4 mg/L BAP and 0.2 mg/L 1-naphthaleneanacetic acid (NAA). Kinetin at 2.0 mg/L produced a multiplication rate of 9.7 microshoots per explants with an...

Author(s): Hana J. Al-Mahmood, Mohamad A. Shatnawi, Rida A. Shibli,Ibrahim M. Makhadmeh, Samih M. Abubaker and Ahmed N. Shadiadeh

June 2012

Anti-oxidative actions of Curcuma zedoaria extract with inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induction and lipid peroxidation

The aim of this study was to determine if Curcuma zedoaria extract has antioxidant activities. Anti-oxidative actions were explored by measuring free radical scavenging activity, nitric oxide (NO) levels, and reducing power. The mechanism of anti-oxidative action of C. zedoaria was determined by measuring inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression...

Author(s): Woo-Young Cho and Sung-Jin Kim

June 2012

Antimutagenic and co-mutagenic activities of some legume seeds and their seed coats

This study aimed to determine the phenolic content and antimutagenicity of some legume seeds and seed coats (black bean, mung bean, peanut, red kidney bean and soybean). The raw red kidney bean exhibited the highest phenolic content (103.2 ± 6.2 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g extract). The seed coats of black bean, peanut and red kidney bean showed high levels of phenolic content (> 200 mg GAE/g...

Author(s): Kalyarat Kruawan, Linna Tongyonk and Kaew Kangsadalampai

June 2012

Screening of antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of commercial Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) essential oils

The paper deals with the investigation of the chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of four commercial products of Melaleuca alternifolia essential (TTO). The chemical composition was determined using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis. The broth-microdilution method was used to test antimicrobial activity. The antioxidant activity was tested by stable...

Author(s): Miloš Nikolić, Tatjana Marković, Dejan Marković, Tamara Perić, Jasmina Glamočlija, Dejan Stojković and Marina Soković

June 2012

Efficient protocols for in vitro axillary bud proliferation and somatic embryogenesis of the medicinal plant Anemopsis californica

Anemopsis californica, commonly known as yerba mansa, is an important medicinal plant that has traditionally been used to treat a variety of digestive, respiratory and skin ailments, and has been reported to possess anticancer properties. The increase in demand for this medicinal plant puts wild populations at risk due to over-harvesting; therefore, the development of alternatives such as in vitro propagation...

Author(s): Araceli Rodríguez-Sahagún, Daniel Rojas-Bravo, Gustavo J. Acevedo-Hernández, Martha I. Torres-Morán, Florentina Zurita-Martínez, Melesio Gutiérrez-Lomelí, Carmen L. Del Toro-Sánchez and Osvaldo Castellanos-Hernández

June 2012

Comparison of volatile components of semen cassiae and semen seeds tea

In the present study, the extraction of volatile oils from semen cassiae and semen seeds tea of China has been made by steam distillation; the volatile components were studied and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 37 components in volatile oil from semen cassiae and 32 components in volatile oil from semen seeds tea were identified. The major components of the volatile oil from semen...

Author(s): Li Yu-mei

June 2012

Investigation of aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera lam seed for antiviral activity against newcastle disease virus in ovo

Investigation was made into the effect of aqueous seed extract of Moringa oleifera against Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) using an in ovo assay. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of pharmacologically active and nutritionally relevant compounds in the seed. Nine-day-old embryonated chicken eggs were divided into ten groups of fives and received various treatments.  Groups 1 to 6...

Author(s): Chollom S. C., Agada G. O. A., Gotep J. G., Mwankon S. E., Dus P. C., Bot Y. S., Nyango D. Y., Singnap C. L., Fyaktu E. J. and Okwori A. E. J.

June 2012

Two new steroidal glycosides from the in vivo metabolites of stemucronatoside K

Three C21 steroidal glycosides, stephanoside E (compound 1) together with two new others (compound 2 and 3) were isolated from the metabolites of stemucronatoside K, an immunosuppressive C21 steroidal glycosides from Stephanotis mucronata. On the basis of chemical evidence and extensive spectroscopic methods including one-dimensional and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), structures of 2...

Author(s): Xiao-yu Li, Feng-yang Chen, Ying-ying Sun, Shi-fang Xu and Yi-ping Ye

June 2012

Water use efficiency and accumulation of trace elements in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) irrigated with municipal wastewater

The use of wastewater for irrigation is on the rise in developing countries like Pakistan, because of scarcity of good-quality irrigation water. Wastewaters contain plant nutrients that favor crop growth but leave a burden of heavy metals, which can enter the food chain, causing great concern. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of surface and subsurface wastewater irrigations on water use...

Author(s): Muhammad Irshad, Zobia Anwar, Faridullah, Arshid Pervez and Amir Waseem

June 2012

Variation of phytochemical profiles and content among root morphotypes of American ginseng: Economic implications for the grower

Quality perception and hence price value of ginseng is often influenced by its root shape (morphotype). In this study, the profiles and content of six ginsenosides (Rg1, Re, Rb1, Rc, Rb2, and Rd) were compared among the three common root morphotypes [‘man-like’ (ML), ‘bulb’ (BLB), and ‘stick’ (STK)] of American ginseng. Also, analysis of a marketing strategy was done to ascertain if...

Author(s): Samuel G. Obae and Todd P. West

June 2012

Evaluation of the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of aqueous leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica A. Juss using the Allium test

The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of aqueous leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica A. Juss were evaluated with the aid of the Allium test. The extract was found to exhibit mitoclassic and chromatoclassic effects. The abnormalities observed included: nuclear lesions, binucleate cells, prophase accumulation otherwise called prophase poison, sticky metaphase, star metaphase, metaphase c-banding, precocious...

Author(s): Akaneme, Florence Ifeoma and Amaefule, Comfort C.

June 2012

Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry-electrospray ionisation analysis of Centella asiatica l., Curcuma longa L. and Strobilanthes crispus L. methanol extracts

All the three plants were analysed in liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-electrospray ionisation to identify plant active principles. Chromatographic separation of the compound of interest was achieved on C-18 column with detection in positive ion mode. The test showed that the most active principles found in Curcuma longa L. were curcuminoids mainly curcumin, demethoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxycurcumin, and...

Author(s): H. Hanisa, M. L. Mohd Azmi, M. Suhaila and M. N. Somchit,

June 2012

Effects of methanoic seed extracts of Mucuna sloanei on male sex hormones and sperm quality in rats

This work was done to investigate the effects of methanoic seed extract of Mucuna sloaneion male sex hormones and semen quality on albino wistar rats. Thirty two male albino wistar rats weighing between 115 to 230 g were used, they were grouped into 4 of 8 rats each. Group i (control) received distilled water and normal rat chow. While test groups ii, iii, and iv received 100, 200 and 400 mg of the extract per...

Author(s): J. N. Egwurugwu, A. Nwafor and O. J. Olorunfemi, Anaduaka S. C.

June 2012

Isolation and identification of phytochemical constituents from Scrophularia takesimensis

Phytochemical constituents were isolated from Scrophularia takesimensis (Scrophulariaceae) using repeated chromatography and prep-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as stigmast-5-en-3-ol (1), α-spinasterol 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), 5-hydroxypyrrolidin-2-one (3), trans-cinnamic acid (4), 4-methoxycinnamic acid (5), 2-methoxycinnamic acid (6), and 5,7-dihydroxy-4′-methoxyflavone (7) by...

Author(s): Hye Min Kim, Mi-Jeong Ahn, and Sanghyun Lee

June 2012

Influence of leaf extracts from Melia azedarach L. on butyrylcholinesterase activity in rat liver

Four types of extracts were prepared from Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae) leaves: Aqueous, potassium phosphate buffer (pH 7.2), hydroethanolic solution 70:30 and hydroethanolic solution 50:50. Different concentrations of these extracts were investigated for the effect on butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE, EC 3.1.1.8) activity in homogenates rat livers. The introduction of M. azedarach extracts in the...

Author(s): Carla Brugin Marek, Ana Maria Itinose, Tereza Cristina Marinho Jorge, Rubiani Andresa Parizotto, Natalie Renata Tebaldi and Alana Meira Reichert

June 2012

Efficacy of Unani medicine

Author(s): Khalil Ahmed, S. M. Ali, M. Akram, H. M. Asif and Saeed Ahmed Pirzada     NOT AVAILABLE

June 2012

Creatine

Author(s): M. Akram     NOT AVAILABLE