Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3786

Table of Content: 16 December, 2011; 5(30)

December 2011

A review on bioactive compounds isolated from plants against plant pathogenic fungi

Plant-derived compounds are regarded as a substantial source for novel lead structures to develop medicines and biocides natural products. Concurrent with greater awareness towards the use of synthetic chemicals in agricultural practice, the application of integrated pest management programs has also increased. In recent years, there has been considerable public pressure to reduce the use of synthetic fungicides in...

Author(s): Yazdani, D., Tan, Y. H., Zainal Abidin, M. A. and Jaganath, I. B.

December 2011

Chemical composition and evaluation of acetylcholinesterase inhibition and antioxidant activity of essential oil from Dalmatian endemic species Pinus nigra Arnold ssp. dalmatica (Vis.) Franco

In the present study, the chemical composition and biological activity (acetylcholinesterase inhibition and antioxidant activity) of essential oil from endemic species Pinus nigra Arnold ssp. dalmatica (Vis.) Franco was investigated. α-Pinene, β-pinene, germacrene D and ß-caryophyllene were identified by GC-FID and GC-MS as dominant components of the oil. P....

Author(s): Olivera Politeo, Irena Botica, Tea Bilusic, Mila Jukic, Ivana Carev, Franko Burcul and Mladen Milos

December 2011

In vitro assessment of fortification from oxidative stress by various fractions of Rhynchosia pseudo-cajan

The methanolic extract of Rhynchosia pseudo-cajan Cambess. was dissolved in distilled water and partitioned with n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol sequentially. The antioxidant potential of all these fractions and remaining aqueous fraction was evaluated by four methods: 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, total antioxidant activity, Ferric Reducing...

Author(s): Tauheeda Riaz, Muhammad Athar Abbasi, Aziz-ur-Rehman, Tayyaba Shahzadi, Sabahat Zahra Siddiqui, Hira Khalid and Muhammad Ajaib

December 2011

In vitro antioxidant activity of Polysaccharide from Sedum aizoon L. extracts

Crude polysaccharide was isolated from the stem of Sedum aizoon L. Antioxidant activity of crude polysaccharide was evaluated with 2, 20-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2, 20-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), superoxide radical scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging and reducibility. It exhibited a powerful ABTS radical and hydroxyl radical scavenging character when compared with the...

Author(s): Qizhi Wang, Aoxue Luo, Yijun Fan, Aoshuang Luo and Jianfu Liu

December 2011

Salinity effects on germination and growth of chamomile genotypes

Our objectives were to investigate the effects of salinity on germination and growth of two chamomile species by measuring yield and yield components of Four genotypes ofMatricaria recutita and four genotypes of Matricaria aurea. The genotypes were cultivated in sand in a greenhouse and irrigated with additional nutrient solutions. The treatments included salinity (NaCl) levels of control, 0, 6, 12,...

Author(s): Mehdi Ghanavati, Sadollah Houshmand, Hossein Zainali and Farid Ejlali

December 2011

Vegetative propagation of Warburgia ugandensis Sprague: An important medicinal tree species in eastern Africa

Warburgia ugandensis is an important medicinal tree species whose bark is widely harvested for its valuable anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Consequently, this tree species is considered threatened. Therefore, this species is ranked as one of the priority species for management and conservation. This study investigated an appropriate technique for propagation of W. ugandensis using stem...

Author(s): F. Akwatulira, S. Gwali, P. Ssegawa, J. B. L. Okullo, S. B. Tumwebaze, J. R. Mbwambo and A. Muchugi

December 2011

Phytochemistry and in vitro anti-oxidant activities of Stellaria media, Cajanus cajan and Tetracera potatoria methanolic extracts

Phytochemical screening and determination of antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts of leaf of Stellaria media, Cajanus cajan and root of Tetracera potatoria were conducted. Phytoconstituents screened for included alkaloid, saponins, tannins, phlobatannins, flavonoids, anthraquinones and cardiac glycosides. Free radicals scavenging capacity of the extract of the three plants were...

Author(s): Oyebanji, Olanike Bukola and Saba, Adebowale Bernard

December 2011

Population structure of Euodia rutaecarpa in China revealed by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP)

In the present paper, experimental materials of 33 accessions representative of the Euodia rutaecarpa from four Chinese provinces were analyzed using the sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) techniques, focusing on their molecular discrimination and the assessment of their genetic relatedness. For the analysis, we optimized 10 pairs of SRAP primers...

Author(s): Baoyang Wei , Liang Cao, Shunxiang Li,#, Dan Huang, Guangxian Cai and Lu Xiangyang   #This author contributed to this paper equally.

December 2011

In vivo antioxidant potentials of Stachytarpheta angustifolia leaf extract on acute butylated hydroxytoluene-induced oxidative stress in Wistar rats

Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is a synthetic phenolic antioxidant widely used as a food additive and preservative, but at high doses it exerts a pro-oxidant effect causing oxidative stress in rats, leading to hepatic and renal damage. Stachytarpheta angustifolia is reported to possess a potent in vitro antioxidant activity and several ethnomedicinal functions hence, could lessen the toxic effect of...

Author(s):

December 2011

Anti-proliferative effect of Pleurotus tuberregium against colon and cervical cancer cells

Pleurotus tuberregium is an exotic mushroom species which grows in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. This species is used in Africa for food and as medicine for the treatment of certain diseases. There is limited scientific information on the effects of P. tuberregium against cancer cells. This study was carried out to determine the antiproliferative activities of P....

Author(s): L. Maness, N. Sneed, B. Hardy, J. Yu, M. Ahmedna and I. Goktepe

December 2011

In vitro anthelmintic activity of the aqueous leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus and its phytochemical, proximate and elemental contents

The in vitro egg hatch assay was used to evaluate the anthelmintic activity of the aqueous leaf extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus against gastrointestinal strongyles of sheep at dilutions of 25, 50 and 100 mg/ml, respectively. In addition, the phytochemical, proximate and elemental contents of the extract were also determined using standard methods. The extract produced dose dependent (60.6, 84 and...

Author(s): B. M. Agaie and P. A. Onyeyili

December 2011

Inhibitory effects of methanolic extract of Salvia fruticosa Mill. on pro-inflammatory cytokines production in RAW 264.7 in vitro cellular model and in Balb/c mice in vivo animal model

The aim of this study is to elucidate the anti-inflammatory effects of methanolic extract (MeOH) of Salvia fruticosa Mill. on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and in Balb/c mice. Tumor necrosis factor –α (TNF-α), Interlukin-6 (IL-6), and Interlukin 1β (IL-1β) production in RAW 264.7 cells and in Balb/c mice were...

Author(s): Jameel Bzour, Sawsan Oran, Mohammad Khaleel, Sundus Mashallah and Yasser Bustanji

December 2011

Phytochemicals, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Hibiscus sabdariffa, Centella asiatica, Moringa oleifera and Murraya koenigii leaves

Many exotic vegetables remain uninvestigated as potential sources of bioactive nutrients. The objective was to determine and compare nutrients, selected phytochemicals and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities in three types of leafy vegetables and a spice, including Hibiscus sabdariffa, Centella asiatica, Moringa oleifera, and Murraya koenigii. Proximate analysis, vitamin C, beta-carotene,...

Author(s): Min Zhang, Navam S Hettiarachchy, Ronny Horax, Arvind Kannan, Apputhury Praisoody M. D., Arumugam Muhundan and Chandrasekhara Reddy Mallangi

December 2011

Thidiazuron induced high frequency axillary shoot multiplication in Withania somnifera L. Dunal

An efficient and improved shoot regeneration technique for the micropropagation of Withania somnifera L. through in vitro culture of nodal segments with axillary buds using thidiazuron (TDZ) is developed. Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing TDZ (0.0 to 10.0 µM) was effective in inducing shoot buds and maintaining high rates of shoot multiplication and subsequent elongation on hormone...

Author(s): Fatima N and Anis M,

December 2011

Antioxidant activity of some Morrocan hydrosols

Essential oils are used in Cosmetic, Perfumery, Food and Pharmaceutical Industries as flavours and/or medicines. However, part of the essential oil components that remains in the distillation water (hydrosol or distillate water) has been less studied both in chemical and biological terms. This research concerns the antioxidant activity, measured through several methods, of Lavandula...

Author(s): Smail Aazza,, Badiâ Lyoussi and Maria G. Miguel