Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 16 February, 2012; 6(6)

February 2012

Optimization of screening of native and naturalized plants from Minnesota for antimicrobial activity

The White Earth Tribe of Ojibwe and the University of Minnesota have partnered to identify antimicrobial properties in native plant species in the Upper Mississippi River and Red River Basins. Optimization of harvest time, tissue preparation, and extracting solvent methods was completed using extracts from two species with known antimicrobial activity, Betula papyriferaand Rhus typhina. Tissue was collected at...

Author(s): Peter Gillitzer, Amanda Cecilia Martin, Michael Kantar, Kendra Kauppi, Steve Dahlberg, Dmitry Lis, Jim Kurle, Craig Sheaffer and Donald Wyse

February 2012

Transcriptional regulatory networks in response to salt and drought stress in Arabidopsis thaliana

Many transcription factors are involved in the progress of stress-inducible regulation. Transcription factors play an important role not only in stress tolerance but also in stress response. Some of the transcription factors and their target genes, whether in tolerance or in response, take part in the pathway metabolism. To explain the relationship between the transcription factor and target gene in Arabidopsis...

Author(s): ZHANG Li, LI Qiaoying, SHEN Jie, XUE Jinai and HAN Yuanhuai

February 2012

Genetic assessment of the genus Pisum L. based on sequence specific amplification polymorphism data

The present study was conducted to analyze genetic diversity among 56 accessions of Pisumsativum, Pisum elatius, Pisum pumilio, Pisum fulvum and Podandrogyne brevipedunculatafrom Syria (42) and a set of 16 reference accessions from Israel (3), Ethiopia (2), Greece (2), Italy (2), Turkey (3), Tunisia (1) and Georgia (1). The study was based on the analysis of multiple data sets generated using...

Author(s): Hamid Majeed, Waseem Safdar, Barkat Ali, Ashiq Mohammad, Ijaz Ahmadand Abdul Samad Mumtaz

February 2012

Study of the effect of Thymus vulgaris and hot water treatment on storage life of orange (Citrus sinensis CV. Valencia)

In order to study the effects of physical treatments and essential oils on green mould rot control in orange cv."Valencia", this research was conducted in a completely randomized design with 17 treatments each with 3 replicates. Fruits harvested at March and after disinfection were bathed in fungal spore solution, while green mould was treated with heat treatment and thymol essential oils in various...

Author(s): Sajad Fatemi, Mehrdad Jafarpour and Shahin Eghbalsaied

February 2012

Phytochemical composition and antioxidant properties of rhizomes of Nilumbo nucifera

The flour of lotus rhizomes was analysed for its phytochemical composition. The tannins, saponins, hydrogen cyanide (HCN), total phenolic acids and total phosphorus contents were found to be 0.415±0.164, 0.843±0.028, 0.07±0.02, 0.578±0.05 and 0.08±0.061 g/100 g of flour, respectively. The effect of polarity of the extracting solvent on antioxidant properties of lotus rhizome was also...

Author(s): Muhammad Aslam Shad, Haq Nawaz, Muhammad Yaqoob and Beena Yousuf

February 2012

Modelling of semisolid natural basis and powder of liquorice as active constituent influence on rheological characteristics of systems

Skin dysfunctions are a common problem. To restore and maintain skin functions, we modeled original semisolid hydrophobic systems from natural crude materials, using the experimental planning technique. The evaluation of the quality of the modeled systems according to the flow characteristics showed that the beeswax content in the systems affected their yield stress, consistency coefficient, and the flow behavior index,...

Author(s): Ada Stelmakiene, Kristina Ramanauskiene, Ernesta Malinauskyte and Daiva Leskauskaite

February 2012

Considering livestock grazing on the diversity of medicinal plants (Case study: Boz Daghi arid and semi-arid rangelands)

There is this growing trend of using medicinal plants and traditional medicine. Considering the types and diversity of these plants and identifying the effect of management measures on their quality and quantity can affect their development. In this research, in Bozdaghi Region, arid and semi arid rangelands in Maneh-o-Samalghan City of North Khorasan Province, the effect of livestock grazing on types and diversity of...

Author(s): Jalal Mahmoudi, Hasan Vahid Choopany and Mosa Akbarlou

February 2012

Radical-scavenging and rat liver mitochondria lipid peroxidative inhibitory effects of natural flavonoids from traditional medicinal herbs

Baicalein (a), baicalin (b), daidzein (c), myricetin (d), oroxylin A (e), quercetin (f), quercetin pentaacetate (g), quercitrin (h), and wogonin (i) were isolated from regular anti-inflammatory Chinese herbs which contain many flavonoids compounds, also the radical-scavenging and liver mitochondrial lipid peroxidation (LPO) inhibitory capabilities were elucidated. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) for the...

Author(s): Hui-Fang Chang and Ling-Ling Yang,

February 2012

Effect of acute administration of Mitragyna speciosa Korth. standardized methanol extract in animal model of learning and memory

Mitragyna speciosa Korth. or ketum is classified under medicinal plants, used by locals in Thailand and Malaysia to treat various types of diseases. Due to lack of information present on the effect of M. speciosa in learning and memory function, therefore this study is conducted to understand its effect on cognitive functions (learning and long-term memory). The aim of this study is to evaluate cognitive...

Author(s): Mohd Harizal Senik, Sharif Mahsufi Mansor, John Tharakan K. J. and Jafri Malin Bin Abdullah

February 2012

Growth, physiological characteristics and total flavonoid content of Glechoma longituba in response to water stress

The dried over-ground parts of the plant Glechoma longituba are one of the important ingredients used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In this study, five different watering treatments, namely 95 to100% (T1), 80 to 85% (T2), 65 to 70% (T3), 50 to 55% (T4) and 35 to 40% (T5) of field capacity were used to investigate the effects of water deficiency on the growth, physiological characteristics and total...

Author(s): Lixia Zhang, Qingya Wang, Qiaosheng Guo, Qingshan Chang, Zaibiao Zhu, Li Liu and Hongjian Xu

February 2012

Antioxidant and anti-tumor activities of purified polysaccharides with low molecular weights from Magnolia officinalis

Magnolia officinalis is an important Chinese traditional herb and the M. officinalispolysaccharides are considered as their main active ingredients in the decoction. In this study,M. officinalis polysaccharides were extracted by hot water and divided into three fractions. The molecular weights of the three polysaccharides fractions ranged from 3.9 to 4.2 kDa, 4.7 to 5.4 kDa and 5.6 to 9.4 kDa,...

Author(s): Minbo Lan, Jing Guo, Hongli Zhao and Huihui Yuan

February 2012

Phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of different parts of Houttuynia cordata Thunb.

Houttuynia cordata Thunb., a traditional medicinal plant with a variety of pharmaceutical activities. In this study, antioxidant activities of extracts obtained from flower, leaf, stem, and root of two H. cordata accessions and their contents of phenolic compounds and flavonoids were evaluated. Results indicated that the total phenolic contents ranged from 1.90 to 10.26 mg gallic acid g-1 dw. The...

Author(s): Wenguo Cai, Yingwen Xu, Jinfeng Shao, Sha Dai, Qian Liu, Zhengqiong Liu and Wei Wu

February 2012

Molecular identification of Cistanches Herba and its adulterants based on nrITS2 sequence

Cistanches Herba is a commonly used Chinese medicine for its tonification properties. However, it is often confused and substituted with the dried succulent stems of Orobanche pycnostachya, Orobanche coerulescens, Boschniakia rossica, Cistanche salsa, Cistanche sinensis and Cynomorium songaricum. Identifying Cistanches Herba based only on its morphological and chemical appearance...

Author(s): Zhiying Sun, Jingyuan Song, Hui Yao and Jianping Han

February 2012

Fatty acid composition of wild growing rose species

Fatty acid composition of seed oil obtained from fifteen domesticated accessions of four wild rose species, Rosa moschata, Rosa brunonii, Rosa multiflora and Rosa alba was determined by gas chromatography (GC). The composition was further confirmed by GC-MS and retention indices. Major fatty acids present in the seed oil were characterized as linoleic acid (LA) (45.38 to 54.58%), linolenic...

Author(s): Bobita Sharma, Bikram Singh, Devendra Dhyani, Praveen Kumar Verma and Subramaniam Karthigeyan

February 2012

Influence of different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on yield and yield components of flax seed oil (Linum usitatissimum L.) variety Lirina

In order to study the effect of different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the quantitative characteristics of oil flax seed oil an experiment was conducted in agricultural research farm Abouraihan Tehran University, at 2009. The experiment was designed as factorial based on randomize complete block (RCB) with three replications. Different levels of nitrogen fertilizer consisted of three levels (N1=30,...

Author(s): Fataneh Parhizkar Khajani, Hamid Irannezhad, Majid Majidian and Hussein Oraki

February 2012

The interacting effect of urea and quizalofop-ethyl herbicide on improving growth and controlling weeds in Perilla frutescens

Different concentrations of urea (0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 g/L) and quizalofop-ethyl (0, 1, 2, 4 and 6 ml/L) were designed to analyze urea, quizalofop-ethyl and their interacting effects on growth, photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism, weed control, yield and stress resistance of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. Our results found that lower concentration of urea (1 to 4 g/L) improved the seedling growth, photosynthesis,...

Author(s): ZHANG Jin-hua, RONG Er-hua, GUO Ping-yi, WANG Xin, WEN Yin-yuan and YUAN Xiang-yang

February 2012

Efficacy of some essential oils against American cockroach Periplaneta americana (L.)

The present study was carried out to evaluate the toxicity, repellency and fumigant activity of three essential oils that is, Cymbopogen citratus, Mentha arvensis, Eucalyptus citriodoraagainst Periplaneta americana (L.) under laboratory conditions. Of the three tested oils, C. citratus showed the maximum toxicity (20 to 100%) between 2 to 24 h intervals, repellency (100%) and 70 to 100%...

Author(s): Farkhanda Manzoor, Neelma Munir, Asma Ambreen and Shagufta Naz

February 2012

Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of gamma-oryzanol rich extracts from Thai purple rice bran

This study investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of g-oryzanol rich extracts from Thai glutinous purple rice bran. Five purple rice bran samples, PAH E-KAW,GAM PEUAK, NIAW DAM, GAM THOR and GAM BOUNG were obtained from local glutinous cultivars in Northern Thailand. The g-oryzanol rich extracts were prepared by soxhlet extraction and semi-purified by column...

Author(s): Chalermpong Saenjum, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Sunee Chansakaow, Maitree Suttajit and Busaban Sirithunyalug

February 2012

Ginsenoside Rg1 decrease expression of TNF-α in rats with hyperlipidemia

Proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), are suggested to have an important role in the process of hyperlipidemia. However, proinflammatory cytokines changes after using ginsenoside was little report. The aim of our study was to evaluate changes from tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) of hyperlipidemia rats after using ginsenoside Rg1 treatment by...

Author(s): Yang Lin, Manhua Cui, Hui Li, Tianmin Xu and Mingli Sun

February 2012

In vitro inhibition potential of Phoenix dactylifera L. extracts on the growth of pathogenic fungi

Antifungal potential of water, acetone and methanol extracts of leaves and pits of Phoenix dactylifera L. var. Barhee and Rothana were evaluated against seven pathogenic fungi. For assessing the antifungal activity, agar well diffusion and agar dilution methods were employed. Barring the water extracts, acetone and methanol extracts showed varying degree of growth inhibition of Fusarium oxysporum,...

Author(s): Najat A. Bokhari and Kahkashan Perveen

February 2012

Relations of kudiez (KDZ) injection and anti-inflammatory effort in stroke patient

To observe the effects of anti-inflammatory of kudiez (KDZ) injection on stroke patients as well as the biomarker changes compared with aspirin. 246 cases were randomized into two groups, aspirin and normal saline were administrated in control group (124 cases); KDZ injection and placebo were administrated in treatment group (122 cases), the national institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS) and serum biomarker...

Author(s): Zhichen Zhang, Liping Zhang, Rongjuan Guo, Yihuai Zou, Bai Wen, Yulian Zhang, Xiaolan Cao, Jianjun Zhao, Zhiqiang Chen, Fuye Chang, Zheng Hongand Yunling Zhang

February 2012

Seed biology of Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.- A critically endangered medicinal plant of Western Ghats

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr. is a rare and endemic medicinal plant locally known as “Maramanjal” belonging to the family Menispermaceae. Due to its high economic and medicinal value, the species is overexploited from the wild and it is very rare and need high conservation value. The species is under severe threat due to several reasons including its reproductive inefficiency. The present...

Author(s): R. Ramasubbu,  A. Chandra Prabha  and R. Kumuthakalavalli

February 2012

Effects of alprostadil on hemodynamic parameters of intrinsic artery of kidney in the early stage of rental inadequacy in diabetic nephropathy observed by color doppler ultrasonography

To investigate the effects of alprostadil on the change of hemodynamic parameters of intrinsic artery of kidney in the early stage of renal inadequacy in diabetic nephropathy and the application value of color doppler ultrasonagraphy. Thirty normal subjects were in control group, while fifty subjects were in the treatment group who were diagnosed as being in the early stage of rental inadequacy in diabetic nephropathy....

Author(s): Min Zheng, Chenglong Zheng, Lin Yang, Dandan Guo, Yan Tian, Lu Zhangand Shuwen Guo

February 2012

Enzymes: A review

Author(s): M Akram, Ejaz Muhiuddin, Afzal Ahmed, Shahab-uddin, Khan Usmanghani and Syed Muhammad Ali Shah

February 2012

Glycosides: A potential source of phytomedicine

Author(s): M. Akram, E. Muhiuddin, A. Ahmed, Shahab-uddin, K. UsmanGhani, H. M. Asif and  S. M. Ali Shah