Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3835

Table of Content: 18 January 2010; 4(2)

January 2010

Current phytotherapy - A perspective on the science and regulation of herbal medicine

Phytotherapy is the use of plant materials to prevent and treat ill health or promote wellness. The practice dates to antiquity, yet remains current. It began in Mesopotamia, and subsequently spread to the rest of the Old World. The primacy of herbalism in medicine is evident from the large number of modern drugs that owe their origin to ethnobotanical remedies. This review traces the origins, the science and...

Author(s): Sunday J. Ameh, Obiageli O. Obodozie, Uford S. Inyang, Mujitaba S. Abubakar and Magaji Garba

January 2010

Herbal medicine in ancient Egypt

Civilization in Ancient Egypt was not only the pyramids and tombs, but it involved all aspects of human life. Health and wellbeing was one of the most cared arts by the pharaohs. Both the physicians and magicians participated in the field of medical care. From holistic view they conceived health and sickness as an unceasing fight between good and evil. Most of the complementary medicine modalities were originated from...

Author(s): N. H. Aboelsoud

January 2010

Bioactive potential of Anethum graveolens, Foeniculum vulgare and Trachyspermum ammi belonging to the family Umbelliferae - Current status

Emerging antibiotic resistance is a worldwide problem that has led to the need for development of novel antimicrobials. Evaluation of natural products as safe and effective antimicrobial agents is one of the scientific strategies to combat the menace of drug-resistant pathogens. Natural products are in use for the treatment of infectious diseases since times immemorial and plants have been an integral part of...

Author(s): Gurinder Jeet Kaur and Daljit Singh Arora

January 2010

The chemistry, pharmacology and clinical properties of Sambucus ebulus: A review

Sambucus ebulus is known as dwarf elder or elderberry. S. ebulus extracts are an important area in drug development with numerous pharmacological functions in the Middle East. However, their pharmacological functions have not been clearly studied. For a long time, S. ebulus has been prescribed in traditional medicines for the treatment of inflammatory reactions, such as hemorrhoid, bites and...

Author(s): M. Shokrzadeh and Saeedi S. S. Saravi

January 2010

Techniques for evaluation of medicinal plant products as antimicrobial agents: Current methods and future trends

Pharmaceutical and scientific communities have recently received the attention of the medicinal plants and various publications have documented the therapeutic worth of natural compounds to validate the claims of their biological activity. Profuse use of commercial antibiotic and synthetic pesticides for human and crop protection is harmful to human health, ecosystem and environment. Attention has also been drawn...

Author(s): K. Das, R. K. S. Tiwari and D. K. Shrivastava

January 2010

Artemisia L. species recognized by the local community of the northern areas of Pakistan as folk therapeutic plants

Due to exclusive ecological conditions, northern areas of Pakistan hosts many species of the genus Artemisia L. (Asteraceae) of great medicinal importance. In this paper we describe ethnobotanical details concerning with the folk medicinal uses of Artemisia in northern areas of Pakistan. The indigenous knowledge was obtained through questionnaires and meetings, with the local herbalists and rural...

Author(s): Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Qasim Hayat, Shazia Jabeen, Nighat Shaheen, Mir Ajab Khan and Ghazalah Yasmin

January 2010

High levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] and α-tocopherol prevent oxidative stress in rats that consume Thai brown rice

Oxidative stress has been proposed to play an important role in the progression of chronic diseases. The red color strain of Thai brown rice, a high source of phenolic compounds, may play a crucial role in oxidative stress prevention. In the present study, rats were fed with 0% (Control), 10 and 70% Thai brown rice in the mixed food. The serum malondialdehyde (MDA), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP),...

Author(s): Prasit Suwannalert, Sirichet Rattanachitthawat, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut and Suda Riengrojpitak

January 2010

Further consideration of Asian medicinal plants in treating common chronic diseases in the West

Ethnopharmacological knowledge is viewed as an increasingly relevant and important source for development of new medicinal products. Historically plants have been the basis of many medicines and are a major resource for human health care. This project critically examined the science-based medical evidence supporting use of traditional Asian medicinal plants for curative, preventive or palliative functions relevant...

Author(s): Graeme E. Thomson

January 2010

Antidepressant-like effects of two commercially available products of Hypericum perforatum in the forced swim test: A long-term study

Some herbal products of Hypericum perforatum (Hypericaceae) are recommended for the treatment of depression. Nevertheless, some of these products do not produce antidepressant-like effects when they are evaluated in experimental models of depression, whereas others remain to be evaluated. Consequently, the antidepressant-like effects of two commercially available products of H. perforatum were...

Author(s): René Lozano–Hernández, Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Landa, Jesús David  Hernández–Figueroa, Margarita Saavedra, Fernando Rafael Ramos–Morales and Jesús Samuel Cruz–Sánchez

January 2010

Antifungal activity of Allium obliquum

A hydroalcoholic extract of Allium obliquum was tested for in vitro germination and growth of Aspergillus niger, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxysporum F. sp.gladioli, Penicillium expansum and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Czapek-agar nutritive medium. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the plant extract varied between 50 and 80 µl/ml,...

Author(s): Marcel Pârvu, Alina E. Pârvu, Oana RoÅŸca-Casian, Laurian Vlase and Gheorghe Groza

January 2010

Investigation of the effects of Prosopis farcta plant extract on rat’s aorta

Ischemic heart diseases are the most common causes of death in the developed and developing societies. Because vegetable based medications have lower side effects and are well adapted to body’s physiology, a global trend to use these kinds of medications for cardiovascular diseases is increasing. To investigate the effect of Prosopis farcta plant extract (P. F. P. E) on rat’s thoracic...

Author(s): K. Asadollahi, N. Abassi, N. Afshar, M. Alipour and P. Asadollahi

January 2010

AFLP mediated genetic diversity of Malvaceae species

AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) marker system is a reliable method in the evaluation of genetic diversity among different species. It was used to explore phenetic relationships and diversity within and between 13 Malvaceae species belonging to 5 different genera. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the taxonomic potential, usefulness and applicability of AFLP marker system to reconstruct...

Author(s): Nighat Shaheen, S. R. Pearce, Mir Ajab Khan, Tariq Mahmood, Ghazalah Yasmin and Muhammad Qasim Hayat

January 2010

Antioxidant and antigenotoxic activities of different parts of persimmon (Diospyros kaki cv. fuyu) fruit

This study was conducted to determine the antioxidant activities and the antigenotoxic effects of acetone, ethanol, methanol and water extracts from four different parts (calyx, seed, peel and flesh) of persimmon fruits. Antioxidant activities were evaluated by DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryllhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity (RSA), ABTS (2,2-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammononium salt) RSA and...

Author(s): In-Cheol Jang, Eun-Kyung Jo, Myung-Suk Bae, Hyun-Jung Lee, Gyeong-Im Jeon, Eunju Park, Hyun-Gyun Yuk, Gwang-Hwan Ahn and Seung-Cheol Lee