Chemical constituents and biological activity of medicinal plants used for the management of sickle cell disease - A review
Since 1910 when sickle cell disease was first reported by Dr. James Herrick and the subsequent characterization by Linus Pauling who hypothesized on the nature of sickle cell haemoglobin (HbS) and its role in sickle cell anemia in 1952, the cure and treatment for the disease has remained a challenge for the entire humanity, with millions of sufferers around the world, and the attendant negative social economic impact....
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.: An updated review of its phytochemistry and pharmacology
Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) is a perennial grass distributed all over the world, and particularly it is native to the warm temperate and tropical regions. The plant has been rich in metabolites notably proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, flavonoids, carotenoids, alkaloids, glycosides and triterpenoides. Whole plant of C. dactylon keeps several biological activities such as antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiviral and...
Peltophorum africanum Sond [Mosetlha]: A review of its ethnomedicinal uses, toxicology, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities
A variety of ethnotherapeutic properties and pharmacological actions have been attributed to Peltophorum africanum Sond which belongs to the family Fabaceae. Besides being used in indigenous ethnoveterinary medicine, P. africanum is also traditionally used to treat a variety of human infections including sexually transmitted infections, diarrhoea, wounds, stomach disorders and erectile dysfunction. Reports from...
To list or not to list? Arguments for and against listing Harpagophytum species on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Botswana, together with other range states, Namibia and South Africa, that is, countries exporting and trading in devil’s claw, was approached by Germany to try to argue for listing the devil’s claw on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) at CITES COP11 in April, 2000 in Nairobi, Kenya. The focal points for CITES (flora) in the range...
Phenolic compounds from medicinal plants as Natural anti-elastase products for the therapy of pulmonary emphysema
Medicinal plants have been used as alternative treatments to health problems. Most of the natural remedies are based on medicinal plants. Many reports have demonstrated that the extracts from medicinal plants such as Nigella sativa (L.) seeds extracts have anti-elastase activity; this is mainly due to the enrichment of the extracts with many bioactive molecules mainly phenolic compounds. Neutrophil serine proteases...