Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) is a perennial grass distributed all over the world, and particularly it is native to the warm temperate and tropical regions. The plant has been rich in metabolites notably proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, flavonoids, carotenoids, alkaloids, glycosides and triterpenoides. Whole plant of C. dactylon keeps several biological activities such as antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiviral and wound healing properties. Furthermore, it has been extensively used in traditional medicines to treat varied ailments such as cough, headache, diarrhea, cramps, epilepsy, dropsy, dysentery, hemorrhage, hypertension, hysteria, measles, snakebite, sores, stones urogenital disorders, tumors, and warts. Therefore, based on the aforementioned consideration, this article reviews the most updated information of the phytochemical properties and pharmacological effects of C. dactylon extract, including its miscellaneous uses.
Key words: Bermuda grass, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antidiuretic, immunomodulatory activity.
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