Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3693

Review

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.: An updated review of its phytochemistry and pharmacology

Kaliyaperumal Ashokkumar1,2*, Kumarakurubaran Selvaraj3 and Saradha Devi Muthukrishnan4
1Department of Biotechnology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, Tamil Nadu, India. 2Department of Plant Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5A8, SK, Canada. 3Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5E2, SK, Canada. 4Department of Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Avinashilingam University for Women, Coimbatore-43, Tamil Nadu, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 12 November 2013
  •  Published: 25 December 2013

Abstract

Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) is a perennial grass distributed all over the world, and particularly it is native to the warm temperate and tropical regions. The plant has been rich in metabolites notably proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, flavonoids, carotenoids, alkaloids, glycosides and triterpenoides. Whole plant of C. dactylon keeps several biological activities such as antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiviral and wound healing properties. Furthermore, it has been extensively used in traditional medicines to treat varied ailments such as cough, headache, diarrhea, cramps, epilepsy, dropsy, dysentery, hemorrhage, hypertension, hysteria, measles, snakebite, sores, stones urogenital disorders, tumors, and warts. Therefore, based on the aforementioned consideration, this article reviews the most updated information of the phytochemical properties and pharmacological effects of C. dactylon extract, including its miscellaneous uses.  

 

Key words: Bermuda grass, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antidiuretic, immunomodulatory activity.