Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3753

Table of Content: 30 December, 2011; 5(32)

December 2011

Fast alignment (FASTA): A review article

Author(s): M. Akram, M. Saim Jamil, Zahid Mehmood, Muhammad Akram, Muhammad Khurram Waqas, Zafar Iqbal, Aubid Allah Khan and H. M. Asif   NOT AVAILABLE

December 2011

Herbal treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: A review

Author(s): M. Akram, Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui, Naveed Akhter, Muhammad Khurram Waqas, Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Akram, Aubid Allah Khan, Asadullah Madni and H.M. Asif     NOT AVAILABLE

December 2011

In vivo estrogenic activity of Nigella sativa different extracts using vaginal cornification assay

Nigella sativa (Black seed) is an amazing herb with a rich historical and religious background. N. sativa increases milk production and promotes menstruation in female. The purpose of this study was to assess which extract of N. sativa could improve vaginal epithelial cell in experimentally induced menopause rats. Forty ovariectomized Sprague Dawley rats were used in the study and...

Author(s): Saadat Parhizkar, Latiffa A. Latiff, Sabariah Abdul Rahman, Rashid Ibrahim, Mohammad and Aziz Dollah

December 2011

Toward a novel understanding of buckwheat self-defensive strategies during seed germination and preliminary investigation on the potential pharmacological application of its malting products

Common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) and tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum L. Gaertn) were used as materials to study plant self-defensive strategies against oxidative stress and pathogen infection during seed germination. Sprout development induced hull structure split, membrane degradation and tissue injury, accompanied with production of a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as...

Author(s): Xiaoli Zhou, Shaoning Cheng, Yanli Yang, Yiming Zhou, Wen Tang, Xiaojing Zhang, Qing Wang and Zongjie Li

December 2011

Screening of phytochemical compounds in selected medicinal plants of Deccan Plateau and their viability effects on Caco-2 cells

The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of potential phytochemical compounds in medicinal plants of Hemidesmus indicus, Canthium parviflorum and Canavalia gladiata and to test their effect on Caco-2 cell viability. In H. indicus fresh roots were used where as in C. parviflorum and C. gladiata fresh leaves were screened for their potential...

Author(s): Sasidhar Pasumarthi, Murali Krishna Chimata, Chellu S. Chetty and Suresh Challa,

December 2011

Inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase and hypoglycemic effects of the crude polysaccharides isolated from 11 edible fungi

This objective of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of polysaccharides extracted from 11 edible fungi on α-glucosidase in vitro and their hypoglycemic effect in type 2 diabetic mellitus (DM) mice. In vitro, α-glucosidase activity was determined by measuring the p-nitrophenol released from p-Nitrophenyl-α-D-Glucopyranoside at 400 nm. In vivo,Kunming mice with...

Author(s): Chun Xiao,, Qingpin Wu, Jianbin Tan, Wen Cai, Xiaobing Yang and Jumei Zhang

December 2011

Breaking of seed dormancy in Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species

Seed germination requirements of the endemic Turkish species of Hypericum, Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst. were studied by performing some pre-soaking treatments with the aim of describing suitable germination protocols for use in ex situ conservation. Before placing the seeds in Petri dishes, they were soaked in 50, 100 or 150 ppm GA; 0.5, 1 or 1.5% H2SO4; 150 ppm GA + 0.5% H2SO4 solutions,...

Author(s): Necdet Camas, and Omer Caliskan

December 2011

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the flower and root hexane extracts of Althaea officinalis in Northwest Iran

The hexane extracts of flower and root of Althaea officinalis which were collected from northwestern Iran (Khalkhal) were obtained by Soxhlet apparatus. The fatty acids were derived from methyl esters and determined by gas chromatography/flame ionization detector (GC/FID) and gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) systems. The hexane extract from the flower and root contained omega-3 (20.5 and 14.9%,...

Author(s): Mahdi Valiei, Ali Shafaghat and Farshid Salimi

December 2011

Crude proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) possess potent SOD-like activity and genoprotective effect against H2O2 in TK6 cells

In the present study, we reported new investigations on antioxidant potential of biological proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) seeds. The crude pigeon pea proteins (PPP) were obtained by extraction with PBS, NaCl  and water. The PPP extracts were precipitated by ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4] in various percentage. All fractions...

Author(s): Thanchanok Muangman, Wichet Leelamanit and Prapaipat Klungsupaya

December 2011

Additive and inhibitory effect of antifungal activity of Curcuma longa (Turmeric) and Zingiber officinale (Ginger) essential oils against Pityriasis versicolor infections

The antifungal potential of Curcuma longa (turmeric) and Zingiber officinale (ginger) essential oils alone and in combinations, against common causes of Pityriasis versicolor infections in humans was investigated via in vitro investigations, in order to determine a suitable dosage for use in clinical trials. The antifungal activity of oils was screened against Malassezia...

Author(s): Richa Sharma, Gajanand Sharma and Meenakshi Sharma

December 2011

A study on the micro-propagation and antioxidant activity of Piper longum (an important medicinal plant)

An efficient micro-propagation technique has been developed for cloning Piper longumplantlets by nodal segment multiplication. The result showed that the optimal medium for shoot multiplication was Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg/L benzyladenine and 1 mg/L indoleacetic acid. The best medium for rooting was in MS medium with 1 mg/L benzyladenine and 0.2 mg/L indoleacetic acid. The present...

Author(s): Reena Parida and Yogamaya Dhal

December 2011

Spasmolytic activity of p-menthane esters

The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between the chemical structure and spasmolytic activity of 10 p-menthane monoterpene esters found in aromatic plants. All of the monoterpenes studied had spasmolytic actions in isolated guinea pig ileum. The neo-isopulegyl acetate and the 4-terpinyl acetate were the most potent, while the perillyl acetate was the least potent p-menthane ester. This...

Author(s): Luciana N. Andrade, Josemar S. Batista and  Damião P. de Sousa

December 2011

Bioactivity-guided fractionation for antioxidant property of Athyrium multidentatum (Doll) Ching. rhizome

In this paper, methanolic extract of Athyrium multidentatum (Doll) Ching. (AMC) rhizome was fractionated into three fractions (petroleum ether fraction (PEF), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) and n-butanol fraction (BF)) on the basis of polarity. Each fraction had their antioxidant activities estimated employing various established in vitro systems, including superoxide/hydroxyl radical...

Author(s): Ji-wen Sheng, Dong-mei Liu, Zhi-jian Li, Li Qi and Wei-fen Zhang

December 2011

Analysis of the essential oil of Vetiveria nigritana (Benth.) Stapf root growing in Sudan

The volatile oil of the roots of Vetiveria nigritana (Benth.) Stapf was extracted by hydrodistillation for 36 h to yield 1.35%. The physical and chemical properties were determined according to international standards and were not compatible with published data. Analysis of the oil by gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (GLC-MS) technique revealed that the oil was composed of 50 compounds of...

Author(s): Mona Abdel Latif Khalil and Saad Mohamed Hussein Ayoub

December 2011

Acetylcholine esterase and antioxidant potential of some members of Asteraceae and Euphorbiaceae

Asteraceae and Euphorbiaceae have great medicinal importance. Keeping this in view, the present study was conducted to evaluate the enzyme inhibition and antioxidant potential of some members of both families. Bidens biternata (Family: Asteraceae), Senecio macrophylla(Family: Asteraceae) and Croton sparsiflorus (Family: Euphorbiaceae) were extracted in methanol and partitioned with...

Author(s): Durre Shahwar, Sami Ullah, Muhammad Asam Raza, Uzma Sana, Asma Yasmeen, Sadia Ghafoor and Naeem Ahmad

December 2011

Antimicrobial activity of crude methanolic extract of Periploca aphylla

Periploca aphylla is used in the treatment of many diseases ethno pharmacologically in Pakistan. In the present manuscript, we demonstrate the antimicrobial effects of P. aphylla.Six different bacteria (Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) are used in the screening of extract through agar...

Author(s): Mustaq Ahmed, Noor Aslam, Rahmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Farid Ullah Khan, Abdus SaboorShah and Mir Sadiq Shah

December 2011

In vitro antioxidant activity, total phenolics and flavonoids from celery (Apium graveolens) leaves

Apium graveolens has several beneficial properties including antioxidant activity. The leaves of A. graveolens was extracted with methanol and partitioned with water, ethyl acetate and butanol. The phenolic content of the extracts was determined by Folin-Coicalteu method and antioxidant activity was assayed through some in vitro models such as antioxidant capacity by radical scavenging activity...

Author(s): W. S. Jung,  I. M. Chung, S. H. Kim, M. Y. Kim, A. Ahmad and N. Praveen

December 2011

Biological and phytochemical studies on corms of Colchicum luteum Baker

The methanol extract of the corms of the Colchicum luteum Baker (Liliaceae) and its subsequent solvent fractions were screened for brine shrimp cytotoxic, phytotoxic, insecticidal activities and phytochemical studies. Profound cytotoxicity was displayed by the crude methanolic extract (LD50 42.43 μg/ml). However, the cytotoxic potential was not much altered by the fractionation. The plant also...

Author(s): Haroon Khan, Shafiq Ahmad Tariq and Murad Ali Khan

December 2011

In-vitro free radical scavenging activities of anthocyanins from three berries

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties of anthocyanin extracts from three berries (Lonicera caerulea var. edulis,Vaccinium uliginosum Linn. and Rubus idaeus). The anthocyanins extracted were found to show remarkable scavenging activity on 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS)...

Author(s): Haitian Zhao, Zhenyu Wang, Cuilin Cheng, Lei Yao, Lu Wang, Weihong Lu, Xin Yang and Fengming Ma

December 2011

Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of Spirulina platensis and its structural elucidation of bioactive compound

The concept of biological control for health maintenance has received widespread attention during the last few years. Therefore, the main objective of this work was to look for active substances that could be used as antibacterial agents. To achieve this target, two different extract (Methanol and Acetone) from Spirulina platensis was examined. The algal extracts were tested in vitro for their...

Author(s): Vinay Kumar, A. K. Bhatnagar and J. N. Srivastava

December 2011

Inhibitory activity of Iranian endemic medicinal plants against Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio harveyi

Antibacterial activity of six medicinal herbs and aromatic plants used in cooking was investigated with two Vibrio species. Essential oils‎ of Thymus daenensis Celak., Satureja‎bachtiarica Bunge., Satureja khuzestanica ‎Jamzad., ‎Zataria multiflora Boiss., ‎Achilleakellalensis Boiss.‎ and Cuminun...

Author(s): A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti, B. Hamedi, F. Malek Poor, E. Rahimi, and R. Nasri Nejhad

December 2011

Bi-directional regulation of ginsenoside Re on smooth muscle myosin of gizzard

The ginsenoside Re is the major ingredient of ginsenosides, which was isolated from ginseng (genus Panax). The purpose of the study is to investigate into the effect of ginsenoside Re on Mg2+-ATPase activity of smooth muscle myosin and phosphorylation of myosin light chain by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), and try to find out the regular pattern resulting from ginsenoside Re on myosin function. Myosin and MLCK...

Author(s): Zhili Xu, Xiansheng Meng, Mingbo Zhang and Tingguo Kang

December 2011

Effects of Chinese herbal formula “Kangshu I” on the blood heat shock protein (HSP70) and levels of some hormones in heat-stressed cows

In order to investigate the effects of the Chinese herbal formula “Kangshu  = 1 \* ROMAN I” on the mechanism in dairy cows, 10 Holstein dairy cows which had similar weight, age, parity, milk yield were selected, and the experiments were conducted in three stages: the room temperature stage (negative control group), heat stress stage (positive control group) and heat stress stage with drug treatment...

Author(s): Yongzhan Bao, Wanyu Shi, and Jianhua Qin

December 2011

Ethnobotanical survey of common medicinal plants used by people of district Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan

Author(s): M. Akram, Muhammad Irfanullah Siddiqui, Naveed Akhter, Muhammad Khurram Waqas, Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Akram, Aubid Allah Khan, Asadullah Madni, H. M. Asif