Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 30 November, 2011; 5(28)

November 2011

Phytochemical composition and pharmacological prospectus of Ficus bengalensis Linn. (Moraceae)- A review

Ficus bengalensis Linn (Moraceae) is a plant that is widely distributed in India. To the Hindus it is sacred and worshipped with special prayers on Vata Sawitri day. In traditional medicines it is used for healing obstruction of urine flow, diarrhea, dysentery, conjunctivitis, scabies and diabetes. So it has been a subject of chemical, biological and pharmacological interest since a long time. Its chemical...

Author(s): Saeed Ahmad, Huma Rao, Muhammad Akhtar, Irshad Ahmad, Muhammad Munawar Hayat, Zafar Iqbal and Nisar-ur-Rahman

November 2011

Authentication of three related herbal species (Curcuma) by DNA barcoding

The psbA-trnH intergenic region was studied for authenticating Curcuma longa and its two related species (Curcuma sichuanensis and Curcuma chuanhuangjiang). The sequences were analyzed by means of Neighbor-Joining to improve the phylogenetic resolution of these three Curcuma species. The genetic diversity of these three species is 0.009 to 0.014 (< 0.05). The results...

Author(s): Jia-bin Deng, Chun-bang Ding, Li Zhang, Rui-wu Yang and Yong-hong Zhou

November 2011

Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of Chushizi oil from Fructus Broussonetiae

The fruit of Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L’Herit. ex Vent. is a traditional Chinese medicine with Chinese name Chushizi. It has been commonly used as an important tonic for the treatment of age-related disorders. In this work, the antioxidant properties of the oil were investigated on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS), activated RAW264.7 cells along with the...

Author(s): Hongfang Zhao, , Linzhang Huang, , Luping Qin and Baokang Huang

November 2011

Identification of the genus Epimedium with DNA barcodes

The traditional identification for Epimedium is inadequate due to the morphological variation and complicated procedure. DNA barcoding is a new technique for species identification by a standard DNA region. However, there has been no consensus emerged for plant barcoding due to the low rates of evolution in plastid DNA. In this paper, we compared the performance of four candidate DNA regions (psbA-trnH,...

Author(s): Yu Jiang, Chun-bang Ding, Li Zhang, Ruiwu Yang, Yonghong Zhou and Li Tang

November 2011

In vitro culture of Curcuma mangga from rhizome bud

Curcuma mangga is one of the important and valuable medicinal crops of the family Zingiberaceae. This species also has a high potential for essential oil. An efficient protocol for the micropropagation of C. mangga followed by successful acclimatization to soil was developed. The aseptic rhizome buds were cultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations of BAP, IAA...

Author(s): Raihana R., Faridah Q. Z., Julia A. A., Abdelmageed A. H. A., and Mihdzar Abdul Kadir

November 2011

Pollen morphology of selected species of Scrophulariaceae of District Dir Upper, Pakistan

The present investigation is carried out to illustrate and assess the taxonomic significance of Palynological features of 9 species belonging to 6 genera of the family Scrophulariaceae collected from District Dir Upper, Pakistan. Pollen grains are usually radially symmetrical, isopolar, oblate-spheroidal or prolate-spheroidal or sub-prolate, tricolporate and psilate, except Pedicularis oederi which has...

Author(s): Tehmina Asmat, Mir Ajab Khan, Mushtaq Ahmed, Muhammad Zafar, Fouzia Manzoor, Mamoona Munir, Kulsoom Akhtar, Shazia Bashir, Tehmeena Mukhtar, Madiha Ambreen and Sidra Nisar Abbasi

November 2011

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) determination of the trace element of Physalis alkekengi L. and its influence on the succession cropping obstacle

To determine the contents of trace element (Mg, K, Ca, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Pb) inPhysalis alkekengi L. rhizomes and the soil near the rhizomes, ICP-MS method was applied. The result indicated that the enrichment of Mg, K, Ca reduced, simultaneously, Se and Pb increased in the rhizomes along with the years increasing, suggesting the contents of Mg, K, Ca, Se and Pb are the important reason leading to the...

Author(s): Baoli Xu, Xiankuan Li, Yongrui Bao, Huijie Guan, Liang Xu and Bing Wang

November 2011

Some morphological changes on the kidney of adult Wistar rats following administration of crude extract of Ocimum gratissimum

This study assessed the effect of leaf juice of Ocimum gratissimum used in the treatment of convulsion, epilepsy, malaria and stomach pain on the morphology of the kidney of Wistar rats. Thirty adult Wistar rats of both sexes were separated into 5 groups; A, B, C, D and E (n = 6 per group). The Wistar rats were subjected to different doses of aqueous extract of O. gratissimum leaves in order to...

Author(s): Ajibade A. J., Fakunle P. B., Ashamu E. A. and Owolabi S. O.

November 2011

Effects of nanosilver and sucrose on vase life of cut Rose flower (Rosa hybrid cv. ‘Royal’)

In cut flowers increasing of quality and duration of storage and minimizing wastes after harvest is very important. Silver thiosulphate (STS) is one of the materials that in this connection is used, but because of environmental pollutant, its application has been limited. Recent study evaluated the possibility of replacing nanosilver instead of STS. In this study, experimental design was factorial with two factors,...

Author(s): Seyyed Najmedin Mortazavi, Mahmoud Mohebbi and Yavar Sharafi

November 2011

Taxonomic treatment of medicinally important arboreal flora of tropical and subtropical region based on leaf epidermal anatomical markers

Identification of medicinally important arboreal flora is important for sustainable and effective utilization. However phenotypic markers are insufficient for correct identification. Therefore present study was conducted for taxonomic evaluation of the selected sixteen tropical and subtropical medicinally important arboreal species, belonging to four orders and six angiosperm families based on leaf epidermal anatomical...

Author(s): Faiza Khan, Zubaida Yousaf, Sumaria Rani and Farah Khan

November 2011

An efficient in vitro regeneration protocol for faba bean (Vicia faba L.)

A reliable regeneration system for faba bean (Vicia faba L.) has been difficult to establish, delaying its genetic improvement. In the present work a rapid, reproducible and efficient regeneration method was developed for faba bean using single cotyledon explants with half embryonal axis. MS medium supplemented with 6 µM TDZ (thidiazuron), 10 µM 2-iP and 4 µM kinetin induced 30 to 50 adventitious...

Author(s): Firoz Anwar, Salem S. Alghamdi, Megahed H. Ammar and K. H. M. Siddique,

November 2011

Scavenging evaluation of copper and cadmium during in vivo and in vitro growth of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. by atomic absorption spectroscopy

Evaluation and comparison of the scavenging efficiency of in vivo and in vitro grownLycopersicon esculentum for copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) (which are the major components of inorganic contaminants and extremely harmful to the living beings, when exceeded to their threshold limits), using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), was conducted during the present study. Field plants were grown in...

Author(s): Farah Khan, Amina Younas, Shabnum shaheeen, Zubaida Yousaf,  Khadija Gilani, Maleeha Munawar, Zaryab Khalid Sial, Mushtaq Ahmad and Muhammad Zafar

November 2011

Antibacterial and phytochemical screening of methanolic extract of Celosia leptostachya Benth leaves on some selected clinical isolates

The antibacterial screening of Celosia leptostachya Benth leaves was carried out using the agar well diffusion technique and the methanolic extract of the leaves showed considerable activity on Escherichia coli and Staphyllococcus aureus both at 60 and 80 mg/ml with zones of inhibition of 15.50, 18.00 and 16.50, 19.00 mm respectively. Whereas,...

Author(s): Umar K. J.,  Rabah A. B.,  Na’ala M., Bello M., Ibrahim M. L. and Garba M.