Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3834

Table of Content: 31 December 2009; 3(13)

December 2009

Studies on biochemical and physiological aspects in relation to phyto-medicinal qualities and efficacy of the active ingredients during the handling, cultivation and harvesting of the medicinal plants

Medicinal and aromatic plants are mostly perishable and take more care for the careful handling and improve processing for better qualities and efficacy of the active ingredients in post harvest processing. Therefore, taking into the care of the secondary plant products viz., mono- terpeins, steroids and alkaloids contents and its properties with quality and quantity, should be handled properly. The...

Author(s): A. Misra

December 2009

Use of bioactive plant products in combination with standard antibiotics: Implications in antimicrobial chemotherapy

Nowadays, multiple antibiotic resistance by disease-causing microorganisms are a major public health problem. Antimicrobial compounds from plants have been found to be synergistic enhancers in that though they may not possess any antimicrobial properties alone, but when used concurrently with standard drugs they enhance the activity of the drug. The synergistic effect of the association of antibiotic and plant extracts...

Author(s): O. A. Aiyegoro and A. I. Okoh

December 2009

Ethnomedicinal, pharmacological properties and chemistry of some medicinal plants of Boraginaceae in India

Different medicinal plants and their medicinal values are widely used for various ailments throughout the world. Various chemical constituents isolated and characterized from Boraginaceous plant species are described. These included pyrrolizidine alkaloids, naphthaquinones, flavonoids, terpenoids, triterpenoids and phenols. Some important biological and pharmacological activities reported from various parts of plant...

Author(s): R. A. Sharma, B. Singh, D. Singh and P. Chandrawat

December 2009

RNA interference (RNAi) technology: A promising tool for medicinal plant research

RNA interference (RNAi) is a process of dsRNA-mediated gene silencing. This dsRNA-triggered sequence-specific RNA degradation pathway has been termed post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) in plants. RNA interference technology has already had a major impact on the study and manipulation of plant secondary metabolites. To date RNAi has mainly been used as a readily available, rapid, reverse genetic tool to create...

Author(s): J. Francis Borgio

December 2009

Domestic cultivation may abate the contradiction between sustainable utilization and genetic diversity conservation of medicinal plants

Consumption of herbal medicines is widespread and increasing. Harvesting from the wild, the main source of raw material, is causing loss of genetic diversity and habitat destruction. However, major large of the wild is harvested by poor households in developing countries. Current research results showed that cultivated populations could maintain relative high genetic diversity of their wild ancestors. So, on-farm...

Author(s): H. B. Guo, Z. P. Song, Z. S. Liang and Y. J. Zhang

December 2009

The use of herbal extracts in the control of influenza

Influenza A virus poses a continuing threat to the health of humans and farmed animals, and predictions of impending pandemics are commonplace. This review discusses the unique combination of genetic features that make this virus such a threat, and explains why current control measures are inadequate. However, in spite of this, certain herbal extracts rich in polyphenols could play an important role in controlling...

Author(s): James B. Hudson

December 2009

Rheum tanguticum, an endangered medicinal plant endemic to China

Rheum tanguticum, endemic to east part of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China, is one of three genuine species of rhubarb and has better medicinal quality than other two species, Rheum palmatum and Rheum officinale. The roots and rhizomes of R. tanguticum have been used for more than a thousand years in China as the well-known traditional medicines with the purgation, antibacterial,...

Author(s): X. M. Wang and Y. Ren

December 2009

Bioavailability enhancing activities of natural compounds from medicinal plants

There is an increasing interest and medical need for the improvement of bioavailability of a large number of drugs. Of the promising approaches, the co-administration of therapeutic agents with natural compounds possessing absorption improving activities has gained great interest in oral drug delivery.Many natural compounds from medicinal plants have demonstrated capacity to enhance the bioavailability of...

Author(s): Myung Joo Kang+, Jae Youl Cho+, Byung Ho Shim, Duk Ki Kim and Jaehwi Lee

December 2009

Traditional practice, bioactivities and commercialization potential of Elephantopus scaber Linn.

Elephantopus scaber Linn. is known as Prickly-leaves elephant’s foot or di dan tou in Chinese. It has been used in traditional medicine to stimulate diuresis, reduce fever and eliminate bladder stones, as well as to treat nephritis, edema, dampness, chest pain, pneumonia, scabies, arthralgia and leukemia. A number of phytochemicals have also been isolated from this plant, such as deoxyelephantopin,...

Author(s): Wan Yong Ho, Huynh Ky, Swee Keong Yeap, Raha Abdul Rahim, Abdul Rahman Omar, Chai Ling Ho and Noorjahan Banu Alitheen,

December 2009

A review on trends in production of secondary metabolites from higher plants by in vitro tissue, organ and cell cultures

Plant cell and tissue cultures can be established routinely under sterile conditions from explants, such as plant leaves, stems, roots, meristems etc for both the ways for multiplication and extraction of secondary metabolites. Strain improvement, methods for the selection of high-producing cell lines, and medium optimizations can lead to an enhancement in secondary metabolite production. However, most often trials with...

Author(s): S. Karuppusamy

December 2009

Acinos species: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidative activity

Published papers considering composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of Acinos Miller species were reviewed. Main volatile constituents are pulegone, menthone and germacrene D. Alcoholic and water extracts contain a number of flavonoids. Reported chemical composition suggest potential use of Acinosspecies as phyto-therapeutic and food preservative agents. The investigation of biological...

Author(s): Gordana Stojanović, Tatjana Golubović, Dušanka Kitić and Radosav Palić

December 2009

Advances in the study of flavonoids in Ginkgo biloba leaves

Ginkgo biloba flavonoids are one of the most popular herbal supplements, taken for their perceived “memory enhancing” properties. In this paper, the current studies of Ginkgo biloba flavonoids from leaves is been reviewed. Flavonoids are derived from the products of the shikimate and acetate-malonate pathways. Flavonoid concentration in G. biloba leaves is not only regulated by the...

Author(s): Shui-Yuan Cheng, Feng Xu and Yan Wang

December 2009

Chromolaena odorata in livestock nutrition

This paper seeks to review the nutritional values of Chromolaena odorata (C.O.), an erstwhile obnoxious plant. The food and medicinal values of this plant, aside from its agronomic importance were mentioned as part of the introductory pieces of information on its use in livestock production. The plant has assumed an enigmatic status of sort, to the herbalists, the agronomists and the livestock nutritionists...

Author(s): S. O. Aro, I. B. Osho, V. A. Aletor and O. O. Tewe

December 2009

Application of plant biotechnology in the medicinal plant, Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz

Rehmannia glutinosa Liboschitz, a medicinal plant, is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. Chinese foxglove has a variety of beneficial effects and pharmacological actions on the blood, immune, endocrine, cardiovascular and nervous systems. Chinese foxglove is propagated conventionally through the roots. Therefore, a number of studies have reported in vitro plant...

Author(s): Sang Un Park, Nam Il Park, Yong Kyoung Kim, Seung Yeon Suh, Seok Hyun Eom and Sook Young Lee,

December 2009

Cucurbitane-type triterpenoids in Momordica charantia Linn

Momordica charantia Linn, belonging to the family of Cucurbitaceae, is a useful medicinal and vegetable plant for human health and one of the most promising plants for diabetes. Cucurbitane-type triterpenoidsare the main active constituents of M. charantia and have a number of potential biological and pharmacological activities including antidiabetic, anti-obesity, anticancer, anti-HIV, antifeedant...

Author(s): Sook Young Lee, Seok Hyun Eom, Yong Kyoung Kim, Nam Il Park and Sang Un Park,

December 2009

Ginseng metabolic engineering: Regulation of genes related to ginsenoside biosynthesis

Panax ginseng is one of the most famous and widely used medicinal plants. It is generally believed that ginsenosides, tetracyclic triterpenoids, are mainly responsible for the pharmacological activities of ginseng. The genes coding for enzymes of biochemical pathways involved in triterpene biosynthesis are of considerable interest in the area of ginseng biotechnology. Upregulation of phytosterol and triterpene...

Author(s): Yun-Soo Kim, Jung-Yeon Han, Soon Lim and Yong-Eui Choi