Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3832

Table of Content: April 2009; 3(4)

April 2009

Efficacy of crude extracts of Garlic (Allium sativum Linn.) against nosocomial Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniea and Pseudomonas aeruginosa

The presence of pathogenic microorganisms causing infections to hospitalized populations in the 750 bed Specialist Hospital, Yola, Nigeria was investigated for a period of two and a half years. Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pneumoniea and Pseudomonas...

Author(s): EL-mahmood Muhammad Abubakar

April 2009

Yield and water use efficiency of jute mallow Corchorus olitorius under varying soil water management strategies

Yield and water use efficiency of Corchorus olitorius was investigated under field conditions using three irrigation water management strategies replicated three times in a typical sandy loamy soil at the teaching and research farm of the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The experiment was performed during the dry season of 1999 and early rainy season of 2000. The biomass yield at maturity (7...

Author(s): J. T. Fasinmirin and A.A. Olufayo

April 2009

Evaluation of the analgesic properties of the Datura metel seeds aqueous extract

This work was carried out to investigate the analgesic activity of dried seed ofDatura metel Linn. A concentrated aqueous extract was obtained, mimicking conditions used in traditional treatment setting, which includes dissolving the extract in water. As in this part of the world, experiments were carried out with the aqueous extract for its peripheral and central antinociceptive potentials on acetic acid-induced...

Author(s): N. N. Wannang, H. C. Ndukwe and C. Nnabuife

April 2009

Chemical constituents and biological activities of Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss. - A review

Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss., commonly known as chickrassy, Burmese almond wood, chittagong wood, lal devdari belongs to the family Meliaceae and is a valuable tree of Asian region. The present review aims to compile the scattered information regarding the chemical constituents, morphological features and medicinal importance of the C. tabularis. The different parts of C. tabularis (leaves,...

Author(s): Rajbir Kaur and Saroj Arora

April 2009

Antioxidative properties of leaf extracts of a popular Malaysian herb, Labisia pumila

A study was undertaken to examine the presence of antioxidative activities of twovarieties of Labisia pumila; L. pumila var. Alata and L. pumila var. Pumila usingDPPH, FRAP and β-carotene bleaching methods. In addition, ascorbic acid, β-carotene, anthocyanin, total flavonoid and total phenolic content were also analyzed. In eight methods studied, six of them showed...

Author(s): Mohamad Norhaiza, Mahmood Maziah and Mansor Hakiman

April 2009

The role of methanolic extract of Quercus infectoria bark in lipemia, glycemia, gastric ulcer and bacterial growth

Nowadays, the surge of consumption of herbal supplements is encouraged by several factors, including the common belief that all herbal products are relatively safe and effective. The present investigation explores the effects of methanolic extract of Quercus infectoria bark upon rat blood lipid profile, glycemia, inflammation, gastric ulcer and bacterial growth. After one month of chronic extract (0.5%, w/v)...

Author(s): Lara Khouzami, Mohamad Mroueh and Costantine F. Daher

April 2009

Furans and Furanones with antimycotoxigenic activity isolated from Warburgia salutaris (Canellaceae)

Warburgia is also known as Pepperbark, Isibhaha and Peperbasboom. This tree is one of most valuable of the natural African antimicrobials and the stem and leaves have been used to treat yeast, fungal, bacterial and protozoal infections for centuries. The bark of Warburgia salutaris is used in traditional medicine as an expectorant and smoked for coughs and colds. It is also used as a topical...

Author(s): Viresh Mohanlall and Bharti Odhav

April 2009

The effects of Angelica decursiva extract in the inhibition of cell proliferation and in the induction of apoptosis in osteogenic sarcoma cells

The Angelica decursiva has been used in Korean traditional medicine as an antitussive, an analgesic, an antipyretic and a cough remedy. However, its anticancer activity has been unknown. In this study, we have examined the cytotoxic activity of ethanol extract of A. decursiva root (EEAD), and the mechanism by which EEAD suppresses cell growth in Saos2 human osteogenic sarcoma cells. Treatment of EEAD...

Author(s): Sook-Young Lee, Chun Sung Kim, Seon-Ho Cho, Hong Sung Chun, Jong-Keun Kim and Do Kyung Kim

April 2009

Screening of the antioxidant activity of essential oil and various extracts of Origanum rotundifolium Boiss. from Turkey

This study is designed to examine the chemical composition and in vitroantioxidant activity of the essential oil and various extracts of Origanum rotundifolium Boiss. from Turkey. The total of the 40 identified components accounted for 97.23% (GC) and 95.10% (FID) of the total oil. Major components of the oil were borneol, terpinen-4-ol, and spathulenol. To determine the presence of well known and...

Author(s): Ismihan Goze, Ahmet Alim, Arzuhan Sihoglu Tepe, Munevver Sokmen, Kemal Sevgi and Bektas Tepe

April 2009

In vitro antineoplastic effect of Ficus hispida L. plant against breast cancer cell lines

Stems of Ficus hispida L. have long been prescribed as one of the constituents in various Thai traditional remedies for cancer therapy. In the present study, crude ethanol extract and its sequential fractions from F. hispida L.: water, methanol: water, methanol and ethyl acetate fraction were tested in vitro against SKBR3, MDA-MB435, MCF7 and T47D human breast cancer cell lines....

Author(s): B. Pratumvinit, T. Srisapoomi, P. Worawattananon , N. Opartkiattikul, W. Jiratchariyakul and T. Kummalue

April 2009

Comparative bioactivity of Hydnora abyssinica A. Braun against different groups of fungi and bacteria

Root samples of Hydnora abyssinica were collected from Wad Medani city, central Sudan, to examine their antimicrobial potentials. Root extracts, aqueous, methanolic and chloroform, were obtained and bioassayed in vitro for ability to inhibit growth of 6 human pathogenic fungi and 4 types of bacteria, the differences in bioactivity of aqueous, CHCL3 and MeOH extracts were analyzed. Despite...

Author(s): A. M. A. Saadabi and S. M. H. Ayoub

April 2009

Mass production of an economically important medicinal plant Stevia rebaudiana using in vitro propagation techniques

Experiments were conducted for standardization of in vitro culture technique ofstevia rebaudiana, an important non-caloric sweetening herb to explore its potential for micro-propagation and callus culture. Nodal segments of the selected herb as explants were cultured for micro-propagation on MS medium containing 0.1 mg/l N6-benzyl amino purine for shoot initiation. Maximum plantlets (83.2 ± 0.445033)...

Author(s): P. Sairkar, M. K. Chandravanshi, N. P. Shukla, N. N. Mehrotra

April 2009

A double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study on the effect of MS14, an herbal-marine drug, on quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis

Current research into new drugs is focused on agents that will change multiple sclerosis process. MS14 is an herbal-marine product, based on anecdotal evidences in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM). The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of MS14 in volunteer patients. This study was a randomized placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover clinical trial in patients who had not...

Author(s): Mohsen Naseri, Amrollah Ahmadi, Kourosh Gharegozli, Masoud Nabavi, Soghrat Faghihzadeh, Nevoid Ashtarian, Fariba Montazami, Hossein Rezaeizadeh

April 2009

Standardization of the components of niprisan: A phytomedicine for treating sickle cell disease

Niprisan is a dry extract preparation of five components: the seeds of Piper guineense; flower buds of Eugenia caryophyllata; stem parts of Pterocarpus osun; leaf stalk of Sorghum bicolor and trona. The product was developed in our Institute from a traditional recipe used in Nigeria for treating sickle cell crises. This study aims to provide for the components, the following specifications:...

Author(s): Obodozie O. O., Ameh S. J., Afolabi E. K., Oyedele E. O., Ache T. A., Onanuga C. E., Ibe M. C. and Inyang U. S.

April 2009

Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of flavonoids from lotus (Nelumbo nuficera Gaertn) leaf in diabetic mice

This study evaluated flavonoids extracted from lotus (Nelumbo nuficera Gaertn) on reducing hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. flavonoids from lotus(FLL) was orally administered once a day after 3 days of alloxan -induction at 50 and 200 mg/kg for 28 day, and the results showed that fasting blood glucose ,serum TC and TG levels were significantly decreased, whereas...

Author(s): Taoying Zhou, Denghong Luo, Xingyuan Li and Yunbo Luo

April 2009

Antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of leaf and bark extracts of Vitex negundo L. from similipal biosphere reserve, Orissa

The antimicrobial activity and phytochemicals of the leaves and bark of Vitex negundo L. was evaluated against three Gram-positive bacteria viz.Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and five Gram-negative bacteria viz. Escherchia coli, Salmonella typhimurium,  Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio alginolyteus. Both...

Author(s): S. K. Panda, H. N. Thatoi and S. K. Dutta    

April 2009

Ethnobotanical survey of plants used to treat diseases of the reproductive system and preliminary phytochemical screening of some species of malvaceae in Ndop Central Sub-division, Cameroon

Ethnobotanical investigations and chemosystematic analyses of plants were carried out in Ndop Central Sub-division to identify medicinal plants that treat diseases of the reproductive system and to know the characteristic compounds in the family Malvaceae that have chemotaxonomic value. A total of 88 plant species belonging to 77 genera and 42 families were sampled treating about 24 different reproductive ailments....

Author(s): Focho D. A., Nkeng E. A. P., Lucha C. F., Ndam W. T. and Afegenui A.

April 2009

Phytochemical screening and evaluation of some medicinal plants for their in vitro activities on Trypanosoma evansi

In an attempt to search for new eco-friendly trypanocidal drugs, water and methanol extracts were prepared from three medicinal plants used by herbalists in Nigeria for the treatment of malaria and other ailments. The different portions of the extracts were incubated at various concentrations, 2, 4, 8, 10 mg/ml withTrypanosoma evansi. The results revealed that Khaya senegalensis and Anonna...

Author(s): Adeiza, A. A., Maikai, V. A. and Hassan, F. B.

April 2009

The antimicrobial activity of Morinda lucida leaf extract on Escherichia coli

The inhibitory activity of the leaf extract of Morinda lucida on Escherichia coli was investigated both in vitro and in vivo. The effect of the extract in vivo was obtained by feeding albino rats with the extract. The in vitro experiment was carried out using the agar well diffusion method and results showed that 25 mg/ml of the extract inhibited E....

Author(s): A. O. Ogundare and A. K. Onifade

April 2009

Salvia sahendica prevents tissue damages induced by alcohol in oxidative stress conditions: Effect on liver and kidney oxidative parameters

Oxidative stress plays an essential role in the development of alcohol liver disease. The present study represents the protective effect of a polyphenolic rich extract of Salvia sahandica against liver and kidney damages in alcohol-induced oxidative stress. Measurement antioxidant activity by scavenging of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical showed that methanolic extract of S. sahendica possesses...

Author(s): Mohammad Ali Esmaeili, Ali Sonboli, Mohammad Reza Kanani and Heibatollah Sadeghi