Knowledge of the determinants and evolution of quality in health practice and training enriches our understanding and interpretation of the current trends and also deepens our perspective on the future direction of the physiotherapy profession and training. This article describes the emergence of the dominant model of physiotherapy practice and training. The paper discusses historical trends in the perception of medical practice and professional training and relates this to the contemporary trends and the future direction of physiotherapy in Nigeria. It articulates a path of growth to maturation of the physiotherapy profession in Nigeria that would lie in maximizing and leveraging the capabilities of the Nigerian professional organization, provide an enhanced basic, preferably doctorate level professional education, and opportunities for specialization.
Key words: physiotherapy, Nigeria