This study is a critical examination and discussion of the Management of Human Resources and Millennium Development Goals in Africa with particular reference to Nigerian Experience. It highlights the importance of Human Resource in Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria, and exhibits the link between human resources management and sustainable development objectives. The study revealed that Nigeria is blessed with abundant human resources that can foster sustainable development. It also showed that the central objective of HRM policy in an organization such as attracting the right caliber of personnel through recruitment and selection based on merit and enhanced with good welfare packages training and development, utilizing the employeesâ€™ effectiveness by putting the right personnel in appropriate positions. It appears this is not pursued in the Nigeria civil service which is the executive arm of government. Conclusively, the human resources approach has been identified as a cardinal one in the pursuit of the sustainable development issues. It is undisputable that every form of development is human driven. The need to formulate and implement policies aimed at promoting human development is sine-qua-non for Nigeria to meet the MDGs.
Keywords: Human Resources, Millennium Development Goals, Human Resources Management