Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 419

Review

Impact of climate change on armyworm infestation on maize in Nigeria: A review

Adunola M. P
  • Adunola M. P
  • Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. 2College of Agricultural Sciences, Institut Polytechnique UniLaSalle, Beauvais, France.
  • Google Scholar
Fayeun L. S
  • Fayeun L. S
  • Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Fadara A. B
  • Fadara A. B
  • Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 05 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 24 June 2021
  •  Published: 30 September 2021

Abstract

Maize (Zea mays) is an important food crop in Nigeria, and it is fast becoming the most widely cultivated crop. Several efforts have been made by the Nigeria Government to make the country self-sufficiency in maize production, but some biotic and abiotic factors are impeding this achievement. Among the biotic constraints militating against maize production in Nigeria, armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is most devastating in recent times.  The larvae of this insect pest are the culprits that caused damage to maize plants. They leave several feeding holes on the leaf lamina of the crop, giving maize tattered appearance. The infestation level by armyworm on the field experienced by maize growers in recent times calls for great concern in Nigeria. This outbreak is not out of mere coincidence, but a result of numerous factors which is chiefly driven by climate change. Climatic change over the years has altered temperature, moisture, relative humidity and CO2 concentration in our ecosystem. These changes seem to favour the proliferation of pests, even making secondary pests like armyworm to become a major pest of maize in Nigeria and Africa at large. In this paper, we reviewed the biology of armyworm, the influence of climate change on pest prevalence and some control measures for coping with armyworm infestation. Integrated pest management was advocated as the most sustainable management approach.

Key words: Armyworm, temperature, rainfall, maize, integrated pest management.