Journal of
Plant Breeding and Crop Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9758
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPBCS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 409

Short Communication

Chemical composition of essential oils of two cultivated Eucalyptus species from the central Iran

Mehdi Rahimi-Nasrabadi1* and Hossein Batooli2
  1Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran. 2Isfahan Research Center of Natural Sources and Agriculture, Kashan Station, Kashan, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 October 2011
  •  Published: 15 November 2011

Abstract

 

The chemical composition of essential oils of leaves of two cultivated species,Eucalyptus loxophleba Benth. and Eucalyptus leocoxylon F. Muell. in the central of Iran were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography, using flame ionization and mass spectrometric detection. A total of thirty nine compounds representing 98.0% of total oil have been identified in the oil of E. loxophleba. 1,8-cineole (39.4%), methyl amyl acetate (19.8%), aromadendrene (10.0%), viridiflorol (6.0%) andα-pinene (5.4%) were the major constituents in the volatile oil of E. loxophleba oil. Forty three components were identified in the E. leocoxylon oil where 1,8-cineole (59.1%), cryptone (15.1%), α-pinene (9.9%), α-terpineol (5.1%) and globulol (5.0%) are considered as the main components. The amount of 1,8-cineole as the main component was higher in the oil of E. leocoxylon.

 

Key words: Eucalyptus loxophleba, Eucalyptus leocoxylon, Myrtaceae, essential oil, 1,8-cineole