The study was carried out at Huye, Nyanza and Muhanga districts, with a general objective to assess the major constraints and challenges of sericulture production in Rwanda and propose the way forward for the development of sericulture industry in Rwanda based on case studies of Huye, Nyanza and Muhanga districts. The study used a random sampling which involved three districts, three villages per district- and six respondents per village. This resulted in a total of three districts, 9 villages, and 54 respondents to get characteristics of the farms, production systems and gender balance. The result showed that women were more involved in sericulture industry than men. Farmers involved in Sericulture were mainly of primary level of education (47%), followed by illiterate (19%) and University level (8%).This study revealed that sericulture production constraints and challenges in Rwanda especially in Muhanga, Huye and Nyanza districts were mulberry and silkworm diseases, lack knowledge about sericulture farm and industry, lack of good quality silkworm eggs and mulberry seeds, lack of liable and efficient market and poor private investment in sericulture.
Keywords: challenges, constraints, Rwanda, sericulture