Journal of
Petroleum and Gas Engineering

  • Abbreviation: J. Petroleum Gas Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2677
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPGE
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 121

Full Length Research Paper

Predicting the compressibility factor of natural gases containing various amounts of CO2 at high temperatures and pressures

Adel M. Elsharkawy
  • Adel M. Elsharkawy
  • Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kuwait University, Kuwait.
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Leena A. Elsharkawy
  • Leena A. Elsharkawy
  • Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Calgary, Canada.
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  •  Received: 29 September 2019
  •  Accepted: 09 January 2020
  •  Published: 30 April 2020


In recent years, many natural gas reservoirs have been discovered with varying CO2 contents, many of which are at supercritical conditions. Calculation of compressibility factors for such reservoirs is important. Therefore, this research presents an extensive review of the various methods to calculate the compressibility factor for different natural gases containing CO2 at various temperatures and pressures. It also provides a comprehensive evaluation of the accuracy of well-known and recently published mixing rules, as well as various Z-factor correlations. Finally, a set of new correlations is presented to calculate the gas compressibility factor with reasonable accuracy. The Z-factor from the proposed correlations, as well as the PR and SRK equations of state are examined against several measured Z-factors for natural gases at supercritical conditions. The proposed correlations have a correlation coefficient of 96% and can be used to calculate compressibility at high pressures and temperatures.

Key words: CO2, natural gas mixtures, Z-factor, compressibility factor, correlations.