Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 608

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of Brucella antibodies in horses (Equus Caballus) in Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria

Mohammed Baba Ardo*
  • Mohammed Baba Ardo*
  • Department of Animal Science and Range Management, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Dauda Mohammed Abubakar
  • Dauda Mohammed Abubakar
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Zubairu Adamu
  • Zubairu Adamu
  • College of Agriculture, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 February 2016
  •  Accepted: 26 April 2016
  •  Published: 31 July 2016

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Brucella antibodies in Jalingo using the Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and the serum agglutination test (SAT). A total of 90 adult horses that were on zero grazing management system were sampled. The sampling sites were selected based on the availability of horses. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of Brucella antibodies in horses as well as the distribution of the infection according to sex. There was no association of horses seen with other animals. The samples collected comprised of 88 males and 02 female horses from four locations in Jalingo: Barade, Sarkin dawaki, Sintali and Turaki.  All the sera samples were subjected to initial screening by RBPT and positive cases were then analyzed with SAT. The overall prevalence of Brucella antibodies was 07 (07.8%) with all positive cases recorded from male horses for RBPT, while none was positive for SAT among the male and female horses. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of horse Brucella antibodies between male and female (P>0.05). Horses in Jalingo are in the four wards identified and were all sampled. Turaki ward recorded the highest prevalence of 13.3%, while Barade Ward had the lowest prevalence with 00.0%. However, there is no significant difference in the prevalence between the male and female (P>0.05). Further studies need to be conducted to determine the involvement of other species and humans.

Key words: Horse, Brucellosis, Jalingo, Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), serum agglutination test (SAT).